The continent of Africa borders the southern half of the Mediterranean Sea. The Atlantic Ocean is to the west and the Indian Ocean is to the Southeast. Africa stretches well south of the equator to cover more than 12 million square miles making Africa the world's second largest continent. Africa is also the world's second most populous continent. Africa is one of the most diverse places on the planet with a wide variety of terrain, wildlife, and climates.
Population: 1,022,234,000 (Source: 2010 United Nations)
Area: 11,668,599 square miles
Ranking: It is the second largest and second most populous continent.
Major Biomes: desert, savanna, rain forest
- Cairo, Egypt
- Lagos, Nigeria
- Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Johannesburg-Ekurhuleni, South Africa
- Khartoum-Umm Durman, Sudan
- Alexandria, Egypt
- Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
- Casablanca, Morocco
- Cape Town, South Africa
- Durban, South Africa
Countries of Africa
Learn more about the countries from the continent of Africa. Get all sorts of information on each African
country including a map, a picture of the flag, population and much more. Select the country below for more
Fun Facts about Africa:
The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895 meters high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti at 153 meters below sea level.
The largest country in Africa is Sudan, the smallest is The Seychelles. The most populated country is Nigeria and the largest city is Cairo in Egypt.
The largest lake in Africa is Lake Victoria and the longest river is The Nile River, which is also the longest river in the world.
Africa is rich with varied wildlife including elephants, penguins, lions, cheetahs, seals, giraffes, gorillas, crocodiles, and hippos.
African languages are varied with more than 1000 languages spoken across the continent.
Coloring Map of Africa
Color in this map to learn the countries of Africa.
Click to get a larger printable version of map.
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