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Geography

Africa

Geography

Geography of Africa

The continent of Africa borders the southern half of the Mediterranean Sea. The Atlantic Ocean is to the west and the Indian Ocean is to the Southeast. Africa stretches well south of the equator to cover more than 12 million square miles making Africa the world's second largest continent. Africa is also the world's second most populous continent. Africa is one of the most diverse places on the planet with a wide variety of terrain, wildlife, and climates.

Population: 1,022,234,000 (Source: 2010 United Nations)
Map of Africa
Click here to see large map of Africa


Area: 11,668,599 square miles

Ranking: It is the second largest and second most populous continent.

Major Biomes: desert, savanna, rain forest

Major cities: Bordering Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Guinea

Major Rivers and Lakes: Nile River, Niger River, Congo River, Zambezi River, Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa

Major Geographical Features: Sahara Desert, Kalahari Desert, Ethiopian Highlands, Serengeti grasslands, Atlas Mountains, Mount Kilimanjaro, Madagascar Island, Great Rift Valley, the Sahel, and the Horn of Africa

Countries of Africa

Learn more about the countries from the continent of Africa. Get all sorts of information on each African country including a map, a picture of the flag, population and much more. Select the country below for more information:

Algeria
Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the
Cote d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Egypt
  (Timeline of Egypt)
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mayotte
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Saint Helena
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
  (Timeline of South Africa)
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Tunisia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Fun Facts about Africa:

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895 meters high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti at 153 meters below sea level.

The largest country in Africa is Algeria, the smallest is the Seychelles. The most populated country is Nigeria.

The largest lake in Africa is Lake Victoria and the longest river is the Nile River, which is also the longest river in the world.

Africa is rich with varied wildlife including elephants, penguins, lions, cheetahs, seals, giraffes, gorillas, crocodiles, and hippos.

African languages are varied with more than 1000 languages spoken across the continent.

Coloring Map of Africa

Color in this map to learn the countries of Africa.

Africa Coloring Map of countries
Click to get a larger printable version of map.


Other Maps


Political Map
(click for larger)

Regions of Africa
(click for larger)

Satellite Map
(click for larger)

Go here to learn about the history of Ancient Africa.

Geography Games:

Africa Map Game
Africa Crossword
Asia Word Search

Other Regions and Continents of the World: Back to Geography






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