Prior to European colonization, the Incan Civilization was a dominant force in South America. In the 1500's, Spain and Portugal colonized much of South America. The colonies gained independence in the 1800's with the help of leaders such as Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin. Much of South America still speaks Spanish or Portuguese as their primary language.
Population: 387,489,196 (Source: 2010 United Nations)
Area: 6,890,000 square miles
Ranking: It is the fourth largest and fifth most populous continent
Major Biomes: rainforest, savanna, grassland
- Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Santiago, Chile
- Brasilia, Brazil
- Lima, Peru
- Bogota, Colombia
- Caracas, Venezuela
- Belo Horizonte, Brazil
- Medellin, Colombia
Major Rivers and Lakes: Amazon River, Parana River, Orinoco River, Tocantins River, Strait of Magellan, Lake Titicaca, Lake Maracaibo
Major Geographical Features: Andes Mountains, Amazon Basin and Rainforest, Brazilian Highlands, Pampas plain, Patagonia, Guiana Highlands, Pantanal wetlands
Countries of South AmericaLearn more about the countries from the continent of South America. Get all sorts of information on each South American country including a map, a picture of the flag, population, and much more. Select the country below for more information:
(Timeline of Argentina)
(Timeline of Brazil)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Coloring Map of South AmericaColor in this map to learn the countries of South America.
Fun Facts about South America:The highest point in South America is Cerro Aconcagua in the Andes Mountains in the country of Argentina.
The largest South American country in both size and population is Brazil. The largest city is Sao Paulo, Brazil, which is also one of the ten largest cities in the world.
North and South America were named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
The highest waterfall in the world is Santo del Angel (also called Angel Falls). It is almost 1000 meters high!
The Atacama Desert in Chile is considered to be one of the driest places on Earth.
South America Map Game
South America - Capital Cities
South America - Flags
South America Crossword
South America Word Search
Other Regions and Continents of the World:
- Central America and Caribbean
- Middle East
- North America
- Oceania and Australia
- South America
- Southeast Asia