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Geography

Europe

Geography

Geography of Europe

Europe is the sixth largest continent in size and the third largest in population. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south, Asia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the West. Europe is a wealthy continent and is the center of the West and Western Democracy.

Europe has been the home to some of the Earth's greatest civilizations from Ancient Greece to the Roman Empire. It is also the home to the birth of democracy. Europe has been the central point of two of the biggest wars in modern history: World War I and World War II. Recently Europe has united under the common union called the European Union. This union allows independent European countries to have a single currency and to combine their economic and military power.

Population: 738,199,000 (Source: 2010 United Nations)
Map of Europe


Area: 3,930,000 square miles

Ranking: It is the sixth largest and third most populous continent

Major Biomes: temperate forest, grasslands

Major cities:
  • Moscow, Russia
  • London, United Kingdom
  • St Petersburg, Russia
  • Berlin, Germany
  • Madrid, Spain
  • Rome, Italy
  • Kiev, Ukraine
  • Paris, France
  • Bucharest, Romania
  • Budapest, Hungary
Bordering Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Bay of Biscay, North Sea, Baltic Sea, Black Sea

Major Rivers and Lakes: Danube River, Elbe River, Loire River, Po River, Rhine River, Volga River, Ladoga Lake, Onega Lake, Lake Geneva, Lake Como

Major Geographical Features: Alps, Ural Mountains, Pyrenees, Carpathian Mountains, Apennines, Massif Central plateau, North European Plain, the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, Iberian Peninsula

Countries of Europe

Learn more about the countries from the continent of Europe. Get all sorts of information on each country from Europe including a map, a picture of the flag, population, and much more. Select the country below for more information:

Albania
Andorra
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
European Union
Faroe Islands
Finland
France
  (Timeline of France)
Germany
  (Timeline of Germany)
Gibraltar
Greece
  (Timeline of Greece)
Guernsey
Holy See (Vatican City)
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
  (Timeline of Ireland)
Isle of Man
Italy
  (Timeline of Italy)
Jersey
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Malta
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
  (Timeline of Netherlands)
Norway
Poland
  (Timeline of Poland)
Portugal
Romania
Russia
  (Timeline of Russia)
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
  (Timeline of Spain)
Sweden
  (Timeline of Sweden)
Switzerland
Ukraine
United Kingdom
  (Timeline of United Kingdom)

Coloring Map

Color in this map to learn the countries of Europe.

Europe Coloring Map of countries
Click to get a larger printable version of map.


Fun Facts about Europe

Europe is home to the smallest country in the world, the Holy See or the Vatican. It is the smallest country both in size and population.

The tallest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus in Russia.

Europe is home to the birthplace of democracy and Western culture in the ancient civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.

Most of Europe now uses the same currency called the Euro.

The area of Russia that is west of the Ural Mountains is usually considered part of Europe. The area to the west of the Urals is considered part of Asia.

The Industrial Revolution began in Europe in Great Britain.

Other Maps


Geography Games:

Europe Map Game
Europe - Capital Cities
Europe - Flags
Europe Crossword
Europe Word Search

Other Regions and Continents of the World:

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