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San Marino

Country of San Marino Flag

Capital: San Marino

Population: 32,140

Brief History of San Marino:

San Marino is a small country located within and surrounded completely by Italy. The country was founded in 301 AD by Marinus the Dalmatian. He was a Christian stonemason who was fleeing the persecution of Christians by Roman Emperor Diocletian. Marinus hit on the top of Maount Titano in San Marino and founded a small community there. The country was named San Marino after Marinus.

Originally San Marino was just Mount Titano, however in 1463 as the result of an alliance against the Lord of Rimini, the Pope awarded the country the cities of Montegiardino, Serravalle, and Fiorentino. Another town, Faetano, joined later that same year.



Country of San Marino Map

The Geography of San Marino

Total Size: 61 square km

Size Comparison: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 43 46 N, 12 25 E

World Region or Continent: Europe

General Terrain: rugged mountains

Geographical Low Point: Torrente Ausa 55 m

Geographical High Point: Monte Titano 755 m

Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Major cities:

The People of San Marino

Type of Government: independent republic

Languages Spoken: Italian

Independence: 3 September A.D. 301

National Holiday: Founding of the Republic, 3 September (A.D. 301)

Nationality: Sammarinese (singular and plural)

Religions: Roman Catholic

National Symbol: three peaks each displaying a tower

National Anthem or Song: Inno Nazionale della Repubblica (National Anthem of the Republic)

Economy of San Marino

Major Industries: tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine

Agricultural Products: wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides

Natural Resources: building stone

Major Exports: building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics

Major Imports: wide variety of consumer manufactures, food

Currency: euro (EUR)

National GDP: $1,371,000,000




** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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