Search


More polls

Ancient Rome

Overview
Timeline of Ancient Rome
The Roman Republic
Roman Army
Wars and Battles
The City of Rome
City of Pompeii
Roman Empire in England
Fall of Rome
Glossary and Terms

Culture
Daily Life in Ancient Rome
Ancient Roman Art
The Colosseum
The Arena and Entertainment
Roman Mythology
Romulus and Remus
Roman Engineering
Roman Numerals

People
Augustus
Julius Caesar
Cicero
Constantine the Great
Spartacus the Gladiator
Emperors of the Roman Empire

Back to History for Kids

Ancient Rome was a powerful and important civilization that ruled much of Europe for nearly 1000 years. The culture of Ancient Rome was spread throughout Europe during its rule. As a result, Rome's culture still has an impact in the Western world today. The basis for much of western culture comes from Ancient Rome, especially in areas such as government, engineering, architecture, language, and literature.

Map of Italy
The city of Rome is the capital of Italy today


The Roman Republic

Rome first grew into power as a Republic. This meant that Rome's leaders, such as senators, were elected officials that served for a limited amount of time, not kings who were born into leadership and ruled for life. They had a complex government with written laws, a constitution, and a balance of powers. These concepts became very important in forming future democratic governments, like the United States.

The Republic would rule Rome for hundreds of years from around 509 BC to 45 BC.

The Roman Empire

In 45 BC Julius Caesar took over the Roman Republic and made himself the supreme dictator. This was the end of the republic. A few years later, in 27 BC, Caesar Augustus became the first Roman Emperor and this was the start of the Roman Empire. Much of the lower level government stayed the same, but now the Emperor had supreme power.

The Roman Forum
The Roman Forum was the center of government


The Empire Splits

As the Roman Empire grew it became more and more difficult to manage from the city of Rome. Eventually the Roman leaders decided to split Rome into two empires. One was the Western Roman Empire and was ruled out of the city of Rome. The other was the Eastern Roman Empire and was ruled out of Constantinople (today's Istanbul in Turkey). The Eastern Roman Empire would become known as Byzantium or the Byzantine Empire.

Fall of Rome

The fall of Rome generally refers to the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It fell in 476 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire, or the Byzantine Empire, would rule parts of Eastern Europe for another 1000 years.

Fun Facts about Ancient Rome Recommended books and references:

  • Nature Company Discoveries library: Ancient Rome by Judith Simpson. 1997.
  • Exploring the culture, people & ideas of this powerful empire by Avery Hart & Sandra Gallagher ; illustrations by Michael Kline. 2002.
  • Eyewitness Books: Ancient Rome written by Simon James. 2004.


  • Take a ten question quiz at the Ancient Rome questions page.

    Go here to test your knowledge with a Ancient Rome crossword puzzle or word search.

    For more about Ancient Rome:

    Overview
    Timeline of Ancient Rome
    The Roman Republic
    Roman Army
    Wars and Battles
    The City of Rome
    City of Pompeii
    Roman Empire in England
    Fall of Rome
    Glossary and Terms

    Culture
    Daily Life in Ancient Rome
    Ancient Roman Art
    The Colosseum
    The Arena and Entertainment
    Roman Mythology
    Romulus and Remus
    Roman Engineering
    Roman Numerals

    People
    Augustus
    Julius Caesar
    Cicero
    Constantine the Great
    Spartacus the Gladiator
    Emperors of the Roman Empire

    Back to History for Kids








    About Ducksters  Link to Ducksters  Teachers Privacy Policy

    Last updated: This site is a product of TSI (Technological Solutions, Inc.), Copyright 2014, All Rights Reserved. By using this site you agree to the Terms of Use.

    To cite this article using MLA style citation: