North America is the third largest of the seven continents. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. North America is dominated by its three largest countries: Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Central America and the Caribbean are usually considered part of North America, but they have their own section here (see link).
Although Columbus is given much credit as having discovered America, there were plenty of people already living in North America prior to the Europeans having arrived. This included many Native American tribes and the Aztec civilization in what is now Mexico. In the 1600's the Europeans quickly colonized and took over much of North America. The largest country in North America, the United States, was formed in the late 1700's and became a "melting pot" of people and cultures from around the world.
Population: 528,720,588 (Source: 2010 United Nations)
Area: 9,540,198 square miles
Ranking: It is the third largest and the fourth most populous continent
Major Biomes: desert, temperate forest, taiga, grasslands
- Mexico City, Mexico
- New York City, USA
- Los Angeles, USA
- Chicago, USA
- Toronto, Canada
- Houston, USA
- Ecatepec de Morelos, Mexico
- Montréal, Canada
- Philadelphia, USA
- Guadalajara, Mexico
Countries of North America
Learn more about the countries from the continent of North America. Get all sorts of information on each North American
country including a map, a picture of the flag, population, and much more. Select the country below for more
Coloring Map of North America
Color in this map to learn the countries of North America.
Click to get a larger printable version of map.
Fun Facts about North America:
The city with the largest population in North America is Mexico City, Mexico. The most populous country is the United States. (2010 census)
The longest river in North America is the Mississippi River.
Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world. It is located on the border between the United States and Canada.
The country of Greenland is the biggest island on the planet.
The North American and South American continents are thought to have been named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
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