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Geography

North America

Geography

Geography of North American

North America is the third largest of the seven continents. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. North America is dominated by its three largest countries: Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Central America and the Caribbean are usually considered part of North America, but they have their own section here.

Although Columbus is given much credit as having discovered America, there were plenty of people already living in North America prior to the Europeans having arrived. This included many Native American tribes in the United States and the Aztec civilization in what is now Mexico. In the 1600's the Europeans quickly colonized and took over much of North America. The largest country in North America, the United States, was formed in the late 1700's and became a "melting pot" of people and cultures from around the world.

Population: 528,720,588 (Source: 2010 United Nations)
Map of North America


Area: 9,540,198 square miles

Ranking: It is the third largest and the fourth most populous continent

Major Biomes: desert, temperate forest, taiga, grasslands

Major cities:
  • Mexico City, Mexico
  • New York City, USA
  • Los Angeles, USA
  • Chicago, USA
  • Toronto, Canada
  • Houston, USA
  • Ecatepec de Morelos, Mexico
  • Montreal, Canada
  • Philadelphia, USA
  • Guadalajara, Mexico
Bordering Bodies of Water: Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico

Major Rivers and Lakes: Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Lake Erie, Lake Winnipeg, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Colorado River, Rio Grande, Yukon River

Major Geographical Features: Rocky Mountains, Sierra Madres, Appalachian Mountains, Coastal Range, Great Plains, Canadian Shield, Coastal Plain

Countries of North America

Learn more about the countries from the continent of North America. Get all sorts of information on each North Americancountry including a map, a picture of the flag, population, and much more. Select the country below for more information:

Bermuda
Canada
  (Timeline of Canada)
Greenland
Mexico
  (Timeline of Mexico)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States
  (Timeline of United States)

Coloring Map of North America

Color in this map to learn the countries of North America.

North America Coloring Map of countries
Click to get a larger printable version of map.


Fun Facts about North America:

The city with the largest population in North America is Mexico City, Mexico. The most populous country is the United States (2010 census).

The longest river in North America is the Mississippi River.

Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world by area. It is located on the border between the United States and Canada.

The country of Greenland is the biggest island on the planet.

The North American and South American continents are thought to have been named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.

Canada is slightly larger than the United States in area making it the second largest country by area in the world (after Russia).

Other Maps






Geography Games:

North America Map Game
North America - Capital Cities
North America - Flags
North America Crossword
North America Word Search

Other Regions and Continents of the World: Back to Geography

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