Brief History of Liechtenstein:
Liechtenstein is a small country located between Austria and Switzerland. It is named after the original ruling family who first gained the fief of Vaduz in 1699 and later added the fief of Schellenberg in 1713. It was the Holy Roman Empire who first gave the country its independent status in 1719.
Liechtenstein was occupied by Napoleon and the French for a few years. Napoleon also founded the Rhine Confederation in 1806 and accepted Liechtenstein as a member. As a result, Liechtenstein has considered itself a free country since 1806.
Liechtenstein has no standing army and maintains neutrality. It declared neutrality in both world wars as well.
The Geography of Liechtenstein
160 square km
about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC
47 16 N, 9 32 E
World Region or Continent: Europe
mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third
Geographical Low Point:
Ruggeller Riet 430 m
Geographical High Point:
Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m
continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
VADUZ (capital) 5,000 (2009)
The People of Liechtenstein
Type of Government:
German (official), Alemannic dialect
23 January 1719 (Principality of Liechtenstein established); 12 July 1806 (independence from the Holy Roman Empire)
Assumption Day, 15 August
Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (June 2002)
National Anthem or Song:
Oben am jungen Rhein (High Above the Young Rhine)
Economy of Liechtenstein
electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
wheat, barley, corn, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
hydroelectric potential, arable land
small specialty machinery, connectors for audio and video, parts for motor vehicles, dental products, hardware, prepared foodstuffs, electronic equipment, optical products
agricultural products, raw materials, machinery, metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles
Swiss franc (CHF)
** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.
Back to Geography Home Page