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Geography >> Asia >> Russia History and Timeline

Russia

Capital: Moscow

Population: 142,517,670

The Geography of Russia

Borders: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, North Korea, Lithuania and Poland from the enclave Kalingrad Oblast, maritime borders with Japan and the United States

Country of Russia Map


Total Size: 17,075,200 square km

Size Comparison: approximately 1.8 times the size of the US

Geographical Coordinates: 60 00 N, 100 00 E

World Region or Continent: Asia

General Terrain: broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions

Geographical Low Point: Caspian Sea -28 m

Geographical High Point: Gora El'brus 5,633 m

Climate: ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast

Major Cities: MOSCOW (capital) 10.523 million; Saint Petersburg 4.575 million; Novosibirsk 1.397 million; Yekaterinburg 1.344 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.267 million

Major Landforms: Russia is the largest country in the world by size. Major landforms include the Caucasus Mountains, Altai Mountains, Ural Mountains, Mount Elbrus, Kamchatka Peninsula, Siberian Plain, Siberian Plateau, and the Stanovoy Mountains.

Major Bodies of Water: Volga River, Ob River, Yenisey River, Lake Baikal, Ladoga Lake, Onega Lake, Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Caspian Sea, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean


St. Basil's Cathedral
Famous Places: Red Square, Saint Basil's Cathedral, The Kremlin in Moscow, Winter Palace, Bolshoi Theatre, Mount Elbrus, Kizhi Island, Lake Baikal, Hermitage Museum, Suzdal, St. Sophia Cathedral, Catherine Palace, Gorky Park

Economy of Russia

Major Industries: complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries including radar, missile production, and advanced electronic components, shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts

Agricultural Products: grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk

Natural Resources: wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber

Major Exports: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military products

Major Imports: machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, sugar, semifinished metal products

Currency: Russian ruble (RUR)

National GDP: $2,383,000,000,000

Government of Russia

Type of Government: federation

Independence: 24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

Divisions: The country of Russia is divided up into a complex system of 83 regions called "federal subjects." There are different types of federal subjects including: National Anthem or Song: Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii (National Anthem of the Russian Federation)

National Symbols:
Country of Russia Flag
Description of flag: The flag of Russia was adopted on December 11, 1993. It is a "Tricolour" flag with three horizontal stripes of white (top), blue (middle), and red (bottom).

National Holiday: Russia Day, 12 June (1990)

Other Holidays: New Years', Christmas (January 7), Defender of the Fatherland (February 23), International Women's Day, Labor Day (May 1), Victory Day (May 9), Russia Day (June 12), Unity Day

The People of Russia

Languages Spoken: Russian, many minority languages

Nationality: Russian(s)

Religions: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)

Origin of the name Russia: The name "Russia" comes from the state of Rus. The Kievan Rus was a powerful empire during the Middle Ages. The land became known as the "Land of Rus" which eventually became Russia.

Famous People:

Geography >> Asia >> Russia History and Timeline


** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.






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