Brief History of Georgia:
Georgia is a country rich with history. The language of Georgia is one of the oldest languages in the world that is still used and the country's current capital, Tbilisi, is voer 1,500 years old. Much of Georgia's history involves portions of the country being part of some other empire including the Persian Empire, the Romans, Byzantium, the Mongols, and the Turkish Empires.
During the 11th and 12th centuries Georgia experienced its golden age. It became a powerful independent kingdom under the leadership of its greatest rulers including King David the Builder and Queen Tamar.
In 1783 the country became a protectorate of Russia. Except for a brief time of freedom in the early 1900s, for the next 200 years Georgia would be in some way part of or tied to Russia; first to the Russian Empire and later to the Soviet Union. On April 9, 1991 Georgia declared its independence and became a free country.
The Geography of Georgia
69,700 square km
slightly smaller than South Carolina
42 00 N, 43 30 E
World Region or Continent: Asia
largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland
Geographical Low Point:
Black Sea 0 m
Geographical High Point:
Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m
warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast
TBILISI (capital) 1.115 million (2009), Kutaisi, Batumi
The People of Georgia
Type of Government:
Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%
9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Independence Day, 26 May (1918); note - 26 May 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia, 9 April 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union
Orthodox Christian 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)
Saint George; lion
National Anthem or Song:
Economy of Georgia
steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock
forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine
fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals
** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.
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