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Timeline and History Overview
Brief Overview of the History of Greece
- 3000 - The Bronze Age begins in Greece.
- 1240 - The beginning of the Trojan War.
- 1130 - Iron is introduced. The Iron Age begins.
- 700s - The city-states of Athens and Sparta emerge and become major powers in the region.
- 776 - The first Olympics takes place at Olympia.
- 750 - Homer writes the epic poems the Odyssey and the Iliad.
- 650 - The Greek Tyrants come into power.
- 570 - Math genius Pythagoras is born. He will develop the Pythagorean Theorem.
- 508 - Athens develops the first democracy.
- 490 - The Greeks defeat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon ending the First Persian War.
- 480 - The Second Persian War ends when the Greeks defeat the Persians at the Battle of Salamis.
- 450 - The Golden Age of Athens begins with the rule of Pericles.
- 432 - The Parthenon is completed in Athens.
- 430 - A plague strikes Athens killing thousands including Pericles.
- 404 - Athens is defeated by Sparta to end the Peloponnesian War.
Aristotle and Plato
- 399 - Socrates is put to death for corrupting the youth of Athens.
- 371 - Sparta is defeated by a group of city-states including Athens and Thebes.
- 386 - Plato founds the Academy, the first western institution of higher learning.
- 338 - Athens and Thebes are defeated by Phillip II of Macedonia.
- 336 - Alexander the Great becomes king.
- 332 - Alexander the Great conquers much of Asia including Persia and Egypt.
- 323 - Alexander the Great dies. The Greek Empire is the largest in world history. After his death, the empire becomes fragmented and begins to decline.
- 300 - Euclid writes Elements, a famous mathematical text.
- 146 - The Roman Empire conquers Macedonia and it becomes part of the Roman Empire.
- 86 - Athens is burned by Roman soldiers in response to a Greek revolt.
- 30 - All of Greece becomes part of the Roman Empire after Marc Antony is defeated at the Battle of Actium.
Greece is a country steeped with ancient history and civilizations. As far back as 3000 BC the Cycladic civilization inhabited the area of Greece. Over time other civilizations would emerge. The city states of Ancient Greece such as Athens and Sparta created one of the most advanced ancient civilizations in history. Giving birth to many advanced concepts in government and philosophy that are still used today. In 332 BC, Alexander the Great came into power. He would unite the Greek peoples and conquer the Persian Empire. To learn more about Ancient Greece see Ancient Greece for kids.
By 30 BC, all of Greece became part of the Roman Empire. When the Roman Empire split, Greece become a part of the Byzantium Empire. Greek culture would have a significant influence on both the Roman and Byzantium cultures. Greece remained part of the Byzantium Empire until the arrival of the Ottoman Empire in the 1400s.
The Greeks broke free of the Ottomans after the Greek War for Independence. Throughout the rest of the 1800s and 1900s, Greece slowly added nearby islands to its territories. In World War II Greece was invaded by Italy and taken over by Germany. Greece joined NATO after Germany was defeated and the war ended. Greece is now a member of the European Union.
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