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History >> Geography >> South America >> Brazil

Brazil

Timeline and History Overview

Brazil Timeline

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, Brazil was settled by thousands of small tribes. These tribes did not develop writing or monumental architecture and little is known about them before 1500 CE.

CE
Brief Overview of the History of Brazil

Until the arrival of the Europeans, Brazil was settled by stone-age tribes. Then the Portuguese arrived in 1500 and Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed Brazil as a colony of Portugal. The first settlement was founded in 1532 and Portugal began to take more of the land. The primary export was sugar. Slaves were imported from Africa to work the fields. Brazil continued to expand through wars and battles. The Portuguese defeated the French to take Rio de Janeiro and also took over several Dutch and British outposts. Soon Brazil was one of the largest territories in the world. Today it is the 5th largest country in the world.


Rio de Janeiro

In 1807, the Portuguese royal family escaped from Napoleon and fled to Brazil. Although the king, Dom Joao VI, returned to Portugal in 1821, his son remained in Brazil and became emperor of the country. He declared Brazil's independence in 1822.

In 1889, Deodoro Da Fonseca led a coup to take over the government from the emperor. He changed the government to a republic ruled by a constitution. Over the years since, the country has been ruled by elected presidents as well as by military coups.

Lula da Silva was elected president in 2002. He was Brazil's first working-class president and was president for 2 terms until 2010. In 2011 Dilma Vana Rousseff became the first woman president of Brazil.

More Timelines for World Countries:

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Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Canada
China
Cuba
Egypt
France
Germany
Greece
India
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
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Netherlands
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History >> Geography >> South America >> Brazil





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