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Geography >> South America >> Brazil History and Timeline

Brazil

Capital: Brasilia

Population: 199,321,413

The Geography of Brazil

Borders: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, and the Atlantic Ocean.

Total Size: 8,511,965 square km

Size Comparison: slightly smaller than the US

Geographical Coordinates: 10 00 S, 55 00 W

Country of Brazil Map
World Region or Continent: South America

General Terrain: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt

Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m

Climate: mostly tropical, but temperate in south

Major Cities: Sao Paulo 19.96 million; Rio de Janeiro 11.836 million; Belo Horizonte 5.736 million; Porto Alegre 4.034 million; BRASILIA (capital) 3.789 million

Major Landforms: Tropical rainforest of the Amazon Basin, the Pantanal freshwater wetland, Guiana Highlands, Brazilian Highlands of small mountain ranges, and the Mato Grosso Plateau

Major Bodies of Water: Amazon River, Rio de la Plata, Paraguay River, Parana River, Sao Francisco River, Sobradinho Lake, Tucurui Lake, Balbina Lake, Furnas Lake, Duck Lagoon, Atlantic Ocean

Famous Places: Christ the Redeemer, Sao Paulo, Copacabana Beach, Sugarloaf Mountain, Ipanema Beach, Fernando de Noronha, Carnival in Rio, Amazon Rainforest

Economy of Brazil

Major Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment

Agricultural Products: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef

Natural Resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber

Major Exports: transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos

Major Imports: machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil

Currency: real (BRL)

National GDP: $2,294,000,000,000

States of Brazil
(click picture for larger view)

Government of Brazil

Type of Government: federative republic

Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal)

Divisions: Brazil is divided up into 26 states. The capital city, Brasilia, is a separate federal district.

National Anthem or Song: Hino Nacional Brasileiro (Brazilian National Anthem)

National Symbols:
Country of Brazil Flag
Description of flag: The flag of Brazil was adopted on November 19, 1889. It has a green background with a yellow rhombus (sideways diamond). In the center is a dark blue circle with 27 stars depicting the sky over Rio de Janeiro. In a banner across the blue circle is the motto 'Ordem E Progresso.' The 27 stars represent the 26 states and the federal district of Brasilia.

National Holiday: Independence Day, 7 September (1822)

Other Holidays: New Years' Eve (January 1), Carnival, Tiradentes' Day (April 21), Labour Day (May 1), Independence Day (September 11), Our Lady of Aparecida (October 12), All Souls' Day (November 2), Republic Day (November 15), Christmas (December 25)

The People of Brazil

Languages Spoken: Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French

Nationality: Brazilian(s)

Religions: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)

Origin of the name Brazil: The name 'Brazil' comes from the name for the brazilwood tree that the region was famous for early in its history. The word 'brazil' means 'red like an ember' in Portuguese and was used to describe this unique wood. The original name for the country was 'Terra da Santa Cruz' which means 'Land of the Holy Cross.'

Famous People:

Geography >> South America >> Brazil History and Timeline


** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.






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