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Population: 3,899,353 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)
Major Cities: Portland, Eugene, Salem, Gresham, Hillsboro, Beaverton
Borders: California, Nevada, Idaho, Washington, Pacific Ocean
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $198,702 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)
Agriculture including wheat, fishing, dairy products, Christmas trees, and cattle
Timber, paper products, electronics, computers, and tourism
How Oregon got its name: No one is quite sure where the name Oregon comes from. It possibly came from the previous name for the Columbia River, the Ouragan. This was a French word that meant hurricane.
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Oregon State Symbols
State Nickname: Beaver State
State Slogan: We Love Dreamers; Things Look Different Here (1987-2003); Pacific Wonderland (on its license plate 19594)
State Motto: Alis volat Propriis (She flies with her own wings) (1987)
State flower: Oregon Grape
State bird: Western Meadowlark
State fish: Chinook salmon
State tree: Douglas Fir
State mammal: American Beaver
State foods: Pear, Hazelnut
Becoming a State
Date admitted: Monday, February 14, 1859
Number admitted: 33
Prior Name: Oregon Territory
Postal Abbreviation: OR
The Geography of Oregon
Total Size: 95,997 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)
Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Geographical High Point: Mt. Hood at 11,239 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Clackamas-Hood River (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Central Point: Located in Crook County approx. 25 miles south-southeast of Prineville (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Counties: 36 (source: National Association of Counties)
Bodies of Water: Crater Lake, Malheur Lake, Upper Klamath Lake, Columbia River, Snake, Willamette River, Pacific Ocean
- James Beard - Famous chef called the Father of American Cooking
- Beverly Cleary - Author of children's books including the Ramona Quimby series
- Jacoby Ellsbury - Professional baseball player
- Matt Groening - Cartoonist and creator of The Simpsons TV series.
- Tonya Harding - American figure skater
- Philip Knight - Co-founder of the shoe company Nike.
- Kevin Love - Professional basketball player
- Chief Joseph - Leader of the Nez Perce during the Nez Perce War
- Brent Musburger - Sportscaster
- Linus Pauling - Nobel Prize winning chemist
- River Phoenix - Actor
- Steve Prefontaine - Track and field athlete
- Hells Canyon is the deepest river gorge in the United States.
- At 1949 feet deep, Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States.
- The Oregon state flag has a beaver on the back. It is the only US state flag with a different image on the reverse side.
- The University of Oregon mascot is the Ducks. Go Ducks!
- Oregon has the most ghost towns of any state. Booooooo!
- It is the only state to have an official state nut, the hazelnut.
- Portland is known as the City of Roses.
- The Oregon Trail went from Independence, Missouri to Oregon City. It was 2,000 miles long and was used by people to travel west during the 1800s.
- No one knows for sure what the word Oregon means. It was used by the local American Indians to refer to the river.
Professional Sports Teams
- Portland Trailblazers - NBA (basketball)
- Portland Timbers - MLS (soccer
Geography >> US States>> Oregon History
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