Capital: Jefferson City
Population: 6,126,452 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)
Major Cities: Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia, Lee's Summit
Borders: Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $258,832 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)
Agriculture including cattle, dairy products, corn, hay, soybeans, chickens, and eggs
Mining including limestone, coal, and lead
Transportation equipment, chemicals, food processing, aerospace, banking, and tourism
How Missouri got its name: Missouri comes from a Native American word that means big canoe river.
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Missouri State Symbols
State Nickname: Show Me State
State Slogan: Where the Rivers Run
State Motto: Salus populi suprema lex esto (The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law)
State flower: Hawthorn
State bird: Eastern Bluebird
State fish: Paddlefish (state aquatic animal), Catfish (state fish)
State tree: Flowering Dogwood
State mammal: Mule
State foods: North Cinthiana Grape
Becoming a State
Date admitted: Friday, August 10, 1821
Number admitted: 24
Prior Name: Missouri Territory
Postal Abbreviation: MO
The Geography of Missouri
Total Size: 68,886 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)
Geographical Low Point: St. Francis River at 230 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Dunklin (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Geographical High Point: Taum Sauk Mtn. at 1,772 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Iron (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Central Point: Located in Miller County approx. 20 miles southwest of Jefferson City (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Counties: 115 (source: National Association of Counties)
Bodies of Water: Missouri River, Mississippi River, Osage River, Meramec Rivers, Lake of the Ozarks, Truman Reservoir, Bull Shoals Lake, Table Rock Lake
- Maya Angelou - Poet
- Josephine Baker - Singer, dancer, and civil rights activist
- Chuck Berry - Singer and guitarist
- Omar Bradley - WWII general
- George Washington Carver - Scientist and inventor
- Sheryl Crow - Singer
- Edwin Hubble - Astronomer
- Jesse James - Notorious criminal
- Kevin Kline - Actor
- Rush Limbaugh - Talk show host
- J.C. Penney - Founder of the Penney's stores
- Harry S. Truman - The 33rd President of the United States
- Mark Twain - Author who wrote Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
- Dick van Dyke - Actor and comedian
- Tom Watson - Professional Golfer
- Missouri was the eastern starting point for the Pony Express.
- Branson, Missouri is famous for its country music shows.
- The Gateway Arch in St. Louis has an elevator in it that goes to the top of the 630 foot arch.
- Missouri has thousands of caves earning it the nickname of the 'Cave State'.
- The ice cream cone was invented at the World's Fair in St. Louis when an ice cream vendor ran out of cups and tried to use waffles instead.
- The first successful parachute jump from an airplane was made in St. Louis in 1912 by Captain Albert Berry. Iced tea was also invented at the World's Fair.
- Missouri is bordered by eight states.
- The tallest man in history, Robert Wadlow, lived here. He was 8 feet 11 inches tall.
- President Harry S. Truman was born in Missouri. Other famous people born here include George Washington Carver, Laura Ingalls Wilder, Mark Twain, and Jesse James.
- The state was named after the Native American tribe the Missouri. It meant 'town of canoes'.
Professional Sports Teams
- Kansas City Chiefs - NFL (football)
- Kansas City Royals - MLB (baseball)
- St. Louis Blues - NHL (hockey)
- St. Louis Cardinals - MLB (baseball)
- St. Louis Rams - NFL (football)
Geography >> US States>> Missouri History
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