Population: 12,807,060 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)
Major Cities: Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, Bethlehem
Borders: Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $600,897 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)
Agriculture including apples, mushrooms, Christmas trees, chickens, and grapes
Electronics equipment, banking, insurance, pharmaceuticals, steel, and food processing
How Pennsylvania got its name: The name Pennsylvania comes from the founder of the English Colony, William Penn. The word sylvania means forest land in Latin.
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Pennsylvania State Symbols
State Nickname: Keystone State
State Slogan: State of Independence; (formerly) Memories Last a Lifetime, You've Got a Friend in Pennsylvania
State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence
State flower: Mountain Laurel
State bird: Ruffed Grouse
State fish: Brook trout
State tree: Hemlock
State mammal: White-tailed deer, Great Dane
State foods: Chocolate Chip Cookie
Becoming a State
Date admitted: December 12, 1787
Number admitted: 2
Prior Name: Province of Pennsylvania, then sovereign state in Confederation
Postal Abbreviation: PA
The Geography of Pennsylvania
Total Size: 44,817 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)
Geographical Low Point: Delaware River at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Geographical High Point: Mt. Davis at 3,213 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Somerset (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Central Point: Located in Centre County approx. 2 1/2 miles southwest of Bellefonte (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Counties: 67 (source: National Association of Counties)
Bodies of Water: Lake Erie, Allegheny Reservoir, Raystown Lake, Delaware River, Susquehanna River, Allegheny River, Monongahela River
- Guion S. Bluford - First African-American in space
- Daniel Boone - American explorer and folk hero
- Kobe Bryant - Basketball player
- James Buchanan - the 15th President of the United States
- Rachel Carson - Environmentalist
- Milton Hershey - Founder of the Hershey Chocolate Corporation
- Grace Kelly - Actress
- Chris Matthews - Talk show host
- Joe Montana - Football player
- Joe Namath - Football Player
- Arnold Palmer - Golfer
- Fred Rogers - Host of Mr. Rogers TV show
- Betsy Ross - Designer of the U.S. Flag
- Will Smith - Actor
- Jimmy Stewart - Actor
- Taylor Swift - Singer and songwriter
- Andy Warhol - Artist
- Pennsylvania is called the Keystone State because of its central location of the original 13 colonies.
- The Constitution of the United States, the Declaration of Independence, and the Gettysburg Address were all written in Pennsylvania.
- The first zoo in America was the Philadelphia Zoo.
- The first public school in the American colonies was in Philadelphia.
- William Penn founded the colony of Pennsylvania. He was granted the land by King Charles II of England.
- The first commercial radio station was KDKA in Pittsburgh. It was founded in 1920.
- Hershey is the home of the world's largest chocolate factory and is called the Chocolate Capital of the World. The whole city smells like chocolate. Yummy!
- The Philadelphia Zoo, which opened in 1874, is the oldest zoo in the country.
- The Liberty Bell, located in Philadelphia, is known as a symbol of American Independence.
Professional Sports Teams
- Philadelphia Eagles - NFL (football)
- Philadelphia Flyers - NHL (hockey)
- Philadelphia Phillies - MLB (baseball)
- Philadelphia Union - MLS (soccer)
- Philadelphia 76ers - NBA (basketball)
- Pittsburgh Penguins - NHL (hockey)
- Pittsburgh Pirates - MLB (baseball)
- Pittsburgh Steelers - NFL (football)
Geography >> US States>> Pennsylvania History
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