Population: 7,171,646 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)
Major Cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, Gilbert
Borders: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Mexico
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $266,891 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)
Copper mining, cotton, manufacturing, electronics, cattle, and tourism
How Arizona got its name: Historians are not sure exactly where the name for Arizona originated. Most think that it came from a Native American word meaning little spring. Some other names were considered for the territory including Montezuma and Arizuma.
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Arizona State Symbols
State Nickname: Grand Canyon State
State Slogan: The Grand Canyon State; also on its license plate
State Motto: Ditat Deus (God enriches)
State flower: Saguaro Cactus blossom
State bird: Cactus Wren
State fish: Apache trout
State tree: Palo Verde
State mammal: Ringtail
State foods: Prickly-pear cactus
Becoming a State
Date admitted: Wednesday, February 14, 1912
Number admitted: 48
Prior Name: Arizona Territory
Postal Abbreviation: AZ
The Geography of Arizona
Total Size: 113,635 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)
Geographical Low Point: Colorado River at 70 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Yuma (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Geographical High Point: Humphreys Peak at 12,633 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Coconino (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Central Point: Located in Yavapai County approx. 55 miles east-southeast of Prescott (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Counties: 15 (source: National Association of Counties)
Bodies of Water: Major bodies of water include the Colorado River, Gila River, Lake Mead, Lake Havasu, and Lake Powell.
- Cesar Chavez - Civil rights leader
- Ted Danson - Actor from the TV show Cheers
- Geronimo - Leader of the Apache people
- Zane Grey - Author of western novels
- David Henrie - Actor from Wizards of Waverly Place
- Reggie Jackson - Professional baseball player
- Joe Jonas - Singer and actor
- Phil Mickelson - Professional golfer
- Stevie Nicks - Rock singer and musician
- Sandra Day O'Connor - First female justice of the United States Supreme Court
- Danica Patrick- Professional race car driver
- Pat Tillman - NFL player who died fighting in the Afghanistan War
- Arizona is home to the Gila Monster, the only poisonous lizard in the United States.
- Arizona's geography varies from hot deserts to high snowy mountains.
- Arizona was once part of Mexico.
- The famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral took place in Tombstone, Arizona.
- Stones from the London Bridge in England were shipped to Lake Havasu City, where the bridge was reconstructed in 1971.
- The Grand Canyon National Park is in Arizona.
- This state has eleven species of rattle snakes.
- The official neckwear is the bola tie.
- Yuma is one of the sunniest cities in the world. It is sunny there around 90% of the time.
Professional Sports Teams
- Arizona Cardinals - NFL (Football)
- Arizona Diamondbacks - MLB (Baseball)
- Phoenix Coyotes - NHL (Hockey)
- Phoenix Suns - NBA (Basketball)
- Phoenix Mercury - WNBA (Basketball)
Geography >> US States>> Arizona History
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