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Geography >> US States>> New York History

New York

New York State Flag

Location of New York State


Capital: Albany

Population: 19,570,261 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, Syracuse, Albany

Borders: Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island (maritime), Canada, Atlantic Ocean

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $1,205,930 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including apples, grapes, wine, milk, and cheese
Finance, communications, clothing and apparel, fashion, computers, electronics, and tourism

How New York got its name: When the English took over the land from the Dutch they named it New York in honor of the Duke of York and the city of York in England.

Atlas of New York State
Click on map for larger view

New York State Symbols

State Nickname: Empire State

State Slogan: I Love New York; also its state song, The Empire State (on highway welcome signs)

State Motto: Excelsior (Ever upward)

State flower: Rose

State bird: Bluebird

State fish: Brook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)

State tree: Sugar Maple

State mammal: Beaver

State foods: Apple Muffin, Apple

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Saturday, July 26, 1788

Number admitted: 11

Prior Name: Province of New York, then sovereign state in Confederation

Postal Abbreviation: NY

New York State Map


The Geography of New York

Total Size: 47,214 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Mt. Marcy at 5,344 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Essex (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Madison County approx. 12 miles south of Oneida and 26 miles southwest of Utica (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 58 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean, Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Champlain, Hudson River

Famous People

Fun Facts

Professional Sports Teams

Note: the New York Giants and New York Jets play in New Jersey.

Geography >> US States>> New York History

For state symbols, flag, maps, geography, and fun facts:

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