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Geography >> US States>> New Mexico History

New Mexico

New Mexico State Flag

Location of New Mexico State


Capital: Santa Fe

Population: 2,085,538 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Albuquerque, Las Cruces, Rio Rancho, Santa Fe, Roswell

Borders: Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Texas, Oklahoma, Mexico

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $80,600 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Oil and gas production, mining, cattle, and tourism

How New Mexico got its name: The region was named by the first Spanish settlers in the area after the country of Mexico to the south.

Atlas of New Mexico State
Click on map for larger view

New Mexico State Symbols

State Nickname: The Land of Enchantment

State Slogan: Land of Enchantment; also on its license plate

State Motto: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)

State flower: Yucca flower

State bird: Roadrunner aka Greater Roadrunner

State fish: Cutthroat trout

State tree: Pinon Pine

State mammal: Black bear

State foods: Bizcochito (cookie)

Becoming a State

Date admitted: 6-Jan-12

Number admitted: 47

Prior Name: New Mexico Territory

Postal Abbreviation: NM

New Mexico State Map


The Geography of New Mexico

Total Size: 121,356 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Red Bluff Reservoir at 2,842 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Eddy (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Wheeler Peak at 13,161 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Taos (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Torrance County approx. 12 miles south-southwest of Willard (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 33 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Rio Grande River, Pecos River, Canadian River, San Juan River, Elephant Butte Lake, Navajo Lake

Famous People

Fun Facts

Professional Sports Teams

There are no major professional sports teams in New Mexico.

Geography >> US States>> New Mexico History

For state symbols, flag, maps, geography, and fun facts:

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