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Population: 5,187,582 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)
Major Cities: Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora, Fort Collins, Lakewood, Thornton
Borders: Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $274,048 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)
Agriculture including dairy products, cattle, sheep, hogs, wheat, corn, apples, and hay
Scientific instruments, computers, food processing, leather products, and metal products
How Colorado got its name: Colorado comes from a Spanish word meaning red-colored. It is named for the red mud of the Colorado River.
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Colorado State Symbols
State Nickname: Centennial State
State Slogan: Enter a Higher State; (formerly) Fresh Air and Fond Memories Served Daily
State Motto: Nil sine Numine (Nothing without Providence)
State flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine
State bird: Lark Bunting
State fish: Greenback cutthroat trout
State tree: Colorado Blue Spruce
State mammal: Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep
State foods: Cantaloupe
Becoming a State
Date admitted: Tuesday, August 1, 1876
Number admitted: 38
Prior Name: Colorado Territory
Postal Abbreviation: CO
The Geography of Colorado
Total Size: 103,718 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)
Geographical Low Point: Arikaree River at 3,315 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Yuma (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Geographical High Point: Mt. Elbert at 14,433 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Lake (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Central Point: Located in Park County approx. 30 miles northwest of Pikes Peak (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Counties: 64 (source: National Association of Counties)
Bodies of Water: Colorado River, South Platte River, Arkansas River, Rio Grande River, San Juan River, Grand Lake, Navajo Lake, John Martin Reservoir, Blue Mesa Reservoir
- Max Aaron - Champion figure skater
- Tim Allen - Comedian and actor
- Kristin Davis - Actress
- Jack Dempsey - Professional boxer
- Douglas Fairbanks - Actor
- Roy Halladay - Professional baseball player
- John Kerry - Senator and Secretary of State
- Ken Kesey - Author of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
- Florence Sabin - Scientist
- Byron White - Supreme Court justice
- Colorado is famous for the Rocky Mountains and great skiing.
- The white stripe in the middle of the Colorado state flag represents the snow capped mountains.
- The capital of Colorado, Denver, is almost exactly 1 mile above sea level. This is how it earned the nickname 'Mile High City'.
- The famous Colorado mountain, Pike's Peak, is named after US Army Lieutenant Zebulon Pike. The view from Pike's Peak inspired Katherine Lee Bates to write the song 'America the Beautiful'.
- The city of Boulder is the only US city with a glacier.
- Deer Trail was home to the world's first Rodeo in 1869.
- The United States Air Force Academy is located in the city of Colorado Springs.
- Over 30% of the land of Colorado is owned by the United States government.
- The highest city in the United States is Leadville. It is 10,430 feet above sea level.
Professional Sports Teams
- Colorado Avalanche - NHL (hockey)
- Colorado Rapids - MLS (soccer)
- Colorado Rockies - MLB (baseball)
- Denver Broncos - NFL (football)
- Denver Nuggets - NBA (baseball)
Geography >> US States>> Colorado History
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