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Geography >> US States>> Colorado History

Colorado

Colorado State Flag

Location of Colorado State


Capital: Denver

Population: 5,187,582 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora, Fort Collins, Lakewood, Thornton

Borders: Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $274,048 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including dairy products, cattle, sheep, hogs, wheat, corn, apples, and hay
Scientific instruments, computers, food processing, leather products, and metal products

How Colorado got its name: Colorado comes from a Spanish word meaning red-colored. It is named for the red mud of the Colorado River.

Atlas of Colorado State
Click on map for larger view

Colorado State Symbols

State Nickname: Centennial State

State Slogan: Enter a Higher State; (formerly) Fresh Air and Fond Memories Served Daily

State Motto: Nil sine Numine (Nothing without Providence)

State flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine

State bird: Lark Bunting

State fish: Greenback cutthroat trout

State tree: Colorado Blue Spruce

State mammal: Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep

State foods: Cantaloupe

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Tuesday, August 1, 1876

Number admitted: 38

Prior Name: Colorado Territory

Postal Abbreviation: CO

Colorado State Map


The Geography of Colorado

Total Size: 103,718 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Arikaree River at 3,315 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Yuma (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Mt. Elbert at 14,433 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Lake (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Park County approx. 30 miles northwest of Pikes Peak (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 64 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Colorado River, South Platte River, Arkansas River, Rio Grande River, San Juan River, Grand Lake, Navajo Lake, John Martin Reservoir, Blue Mesa Reservoir

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Geography >> US States>> Colorado History

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