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Geography >> US States>> West Virginia History

West Virginia

West Virginia State Flag

Location of West Virginia State


Capital: Charleston

Population: 1,855,413 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Charleston, Huntington, Parkersburg, Morgantown, Wheeling

Borders: Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Maryland

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $69,380 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Coal mining, logging, natural gas, tourism, chemicals, and biotechnology

How West Virginia got its name: The name Virginia comes from Queen Elizabeth I who was called the Virgin Queen. It took the name West Virginia when it split from the state of Virginia during the Civil War.

Atlas of West Virginia State
Click on map for larger view

West Virginia State Symbols

State Nickname: Mountain State

State Slogan: Open for Business; (formerly) Wild and Wonderful; also on its license plate as Wild, Wonderful; (formerly) Almost Heaven

State Motto: Montani semper liberi (Mountaineers are always free)

State flower: Rhododendron

State bird: Cardinal

State fish: Brook Trout

State tree: Sugar Maple

State mammal: Black bear

State foods:

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Saturday, June 20, 1863

Number admitted: 35

Prior Name: Virginia

Postal Abbreviation: WV

West Virginia State Map


The Geography of West Virginia

Total Size: 24,078 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Potomac River at 240 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Jefferson (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Spruce Knob at 4,863 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Pendleton (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Braxton County approx. 4 miles east of Sutton (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 55 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Potomac River, Ohio River, Kanawha River, Monongahela River, Tygart Lake, Bluestone Lake, Summersville Lake, Sutton Lake

Famous People

Fun Facts

Professional Sports Teams

There are no major professional sports teams in West Virginia.

Geography >> US States>> West Virginia History

For state symbols, flag, maps, geography, and fun facts:

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