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Geography >> US States>> California History

California

California State Flag

Location of California State


Capital: Sacramento

Population: 38,041,430 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento

Borders: Arizona, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico, Pacific Ocean

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $2,003,479 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including dairy products, almonds, grapes, tomatoes, avocados, and broccoli
Computers, electronics, food processing, paper, mining, movie production, and tourism

How California got its name: California was named by Spanish explorers who thought they had discovered an island. The name comes from the Spanish story of Queen Califia who ruled a mythical island.

Atlas of California State
Click on map for larger view

California State Symbols

State Nickname: Golden State

State Slogan: Find Yourself Here

State Motto: Eureka (I have found it)

State flower: California Poppy

State bird: California Quail

State fish: Golden trout (fresh water), Garibaldi (salt water)

State tree: California Redwood

State mammal: Grizzly bear, Gray whale

State foods: Wine

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Monday, September 9, 1850

Number admitted: 31

Prior Name: Mexican Cession, Alta California

Postal Abbreviation: CA

California State Map


The Geography of California

Total Size: 155,959 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Death Valley at -282 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Inyo (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Mt. Whitney at 14,494 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Inyo-Tulare (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Madera County approx. 38 miles east of Madera (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 58 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Salton Sea, Lake Tahoe, Goose Lake, Mono Lake, Lake Shasta, Sacramento River, San Joaquin River, Colorado River, Pit River, Feather River, San Francisco Bay, Pacific Ocean

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Geography >> US States>> California History

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