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Geography >> US States>> North Carolina History

North Carolina

North Carolina State Flag

Location of North Carolina State


Capital: Raleigh

Population: 9,752,073 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Charlotte, Raleigh, Greensboro, Durham, Winston-Salem, Fayetteville

Borders: Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia, South Carolina, Atlantic Ocean

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $455,973 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including cotton, tobacco, soybeans, grains, hogs, and cattle
Textiles, banking, chemicals, furniture, computers, paper products, and tourism

How North Carolina got its name: The name Carolina is after King Charles, which is Carolus in Latin.

Atlas of North Carolina State
Click on map for larger view

North Carolina State Symbols

State Nickname: Tar Heel State

State Slogan: A Better Place to Be; First in Flight (on its license plate)

State Motto: Esse quam videri (To be rather than to seem)

State flower: American Dogwood

State bird: Cardinal

State fish: Channel Bass (salt water)

State tree: Pine

State mammal: Eastern Gray Squirrel, Plott Hound

State foods: Blueberry, Strawberry, Sweet Potato, Milk, Scuppernong Grape

Becoming a State

Date admitted: November 21, 1789

Number admitted: 12

Prior Name: Province of North Carolina, then sovereign state in Confederation

Postal Abbreviation: NC

North Carolina State Map


The Geography of North Carolina

Total Size: 48,711 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Mt. Mitchell at 6,684 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Yancey(source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Chatham County approx. 10 miles northwest of Sanford (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 100 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean, Pamlico Sound, Albemarle Sound, Neuse River, Cape Fear River, Yadkin River, Lake Norman, Jordan Lake, Lake Lure

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Geography >> US States>> North Carolina History

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