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Geography >> US States>> Illinois History

Illinois

Illinois State Flag

Location of Illinois State


Capital: Springfield

Population: 12,875,255 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Chicago, Aurora, Rockford, Joliet, Naperville, Springfield, Peoria

Borders: Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana, Kentucky

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $695,238 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including corn, soybeans, wheat, cattle, and dairy products
Chemicals, machinery, food processing, electronic products, publishing, and tourism

How Illinois got its name: The name Illinois is a French word that was used to describe the local Native Americans.

Atlas of Illinois State
Click on map for larger view

Illinois State Symbols

State Nickname: Prairie State

State Slogan: Mile After Magnificent Mile; Right Here. Right Now.

State Motto: State sovereignty, national union

State flower: Violet

State bird: Cardinal aka Northern Cardinal

State fish: Bluegill

State tree: White Oak

State mammal: White-tailed deer

State foods: Popcorn

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Thursday, December 3, 1818

Number admitted: 21

Prior Name: Illinois Territory

Postal Abbreviation: IL

Illinois State Map


The Geography of Illinois

Total Size: 55,584 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Mississippi River at 279 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Alexander (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Charles Mound at 1,235 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Jo Daviess (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Logan County approx. 28 miles northeast of Springfield (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 102 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Lake Michigan, Rend Lake, Illinois River, Mississippi River, Ohio River, Wabash River

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Geography >> US States>> Illinois History

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