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Geography >> US States>> Idaho History

Idaho

Idaho State Flag

Location of Idaho State


Capital: Boise

Population: 1,595,728 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Boise, Idaho Falls, Nampa, Pocatello, Meridian

Borders: Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Canada

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $58,243 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including potatoes, wheat, peas, onions, and dairy products
Lumber, wood products, food processing, paper products, chemicals, electronics, and tourism

How Idaho got its name: Many people think that Idaho comes from a Native American word, but it does not. It is actually just a made up name. It is often credited to Congressman George M. Willing.

Atlas of Idaho State
Click on map for larger view

Idaho State Symbols

State Nickname: Gem State

State Slogan: Great Potatoes. Tasty Destinations.

State Motto: Esto perpetua (It is forever)

State flower: Mock Orange

State bird: Mountain Bluebird

State fish: Cutthroat trout

State tree: Western White Pine

State mammal: Appaloosa horse

State foods: Potato, Huckleberry

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Thursday, July 3, 1890

Number admitted: 43

Prior Name: Idaho Territory

Postal Abbreviation: ID

Idaho State Map


The Geography of Idaho

Total Size: 82,747 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Snake River at 710 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Nez Perce (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Borah Peak at 12,662 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Custer (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Custer County approx. at Custer, southwest of Challis (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 44 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Pend Oreille Lake, Bear Lake, American Falls Reservoir, Snake River, Salmon River, Clearwater River

Famous People

Fun Facts

Professional Sports Teams

Idaho has no major professional sports teams.

Geography >> US States>> Idaho History

For state symbols, flag, maps, geography, and fun facts:

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