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Population: 1,595,728 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)
Major Cities: Boise, Idaho Falls, Nampa, Pocatello, Meridian
Borders: Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Canada
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $58,243 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)
Agriculture including potatoes, wheat, peas, onions, and dairy products
Lumber, wood products, food processing, paper products, chemicals, electronics, and tourism
How Idaho got its name: Many people think that Idaho comes from a Native American word, but it does not. It is actually just a made up name. It is often credited to Congressman George M. Willing.
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Idaho State Symbols
State Nickname: Gem State
State Slogan: Great Potatoes. Tasty Destinations.
State Motto: Esto perpetua (It is forever)
State flower: Mock Orange
State bird: Mountain Bluebird
State fish: Cutthroat trout
State tree: Western White Pine
State mammal: Appaloosa horse
State foods: Potato, Huckleberry
Becoming a State
Date admitted: Thursday, July 3, 1890
Number admitted: 43
Prior Name: Idaho Territory
Postal Abbreviation: ID
The Geography of Idaho
Total Size: 82,747 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)
Geographical Low Point: Snake River at 710 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Nez Perce (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Geographical High Point: Borah Peak at 12,662 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Custer (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Central Point: Located in Custer County approx. at Custer, southwest of Challis (source: U.S. Geological Survey)
Counties: 44 (source: National Association of Counties)
Bodies of Water: Pend Oreille Lake, Bear Lake, American Falls Reservoir, Snake River, Salmon River, Clearwater River
- Joseph Albertson - Founder of Albertson's grocery stores
- Gutzon Borglum - Mount Rushmore sculptor
- Philo Farnsworth - Inventor of the television
- Harmon Killebrew - Professional baseball player
- Sarah Palin - Governor of Alaska and reality TV star
- Ezra Pound - Poet
- Sacagawea - Native American guide for explorers Lewis and Clark
- Picabo Street - Olympic gold medal skier
- Lana Turner - Actress
- The Snake River travels all the way across Idaho.
- At the Craters of the Moon National Monument you can see several volcanoes grouped closely together.
- Lake Pend Oreille is more than 1,000 feet deep.
- Idaho is famous for its fishing and elk hunting.
- Where the name Idaho comes from is a mystery. Many think that the lobbyist who suggested it, George Willing, made it up!
- Idaho grows more potatoes than any other state.
- Island Park has the longest Main Street in the USA at 35 miles long.
- Native Americans who lived in Idaho included the Nez Perce in the north and the Shoshone in the south.
- Idaho is currently one of the fastest growing states in America.
- There are more miles of river in Idaho, 3100, than any other state.
Professional Sports Teams
Idaho has no major professional sports teams.
Geography >> US States>> Idaho History
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