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Geography >> US States>> Alabama History

Alabama

Alabama State Flag

Location of Alabama State


Capital: Montgomery

Population: 4,822,023 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Birmingham, Montgomery, Mobile, Huntsville, Tuscaloosa

Borders: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, Gulf of Mexico

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $183,547 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture (poultry, peanuts, cotton, grains, soybeans, peaches)
Iron and Steel production, paper, lumber, coal mining
Automobile manufacture

How Alabama got its name: The name Alabama comes from a Native American tribe that lived in the middle of the state. They named the local river the Alabama River and the state took its name from the river.

Atlas of Alabama State
Click on map for larger view

Alabama State Symbols

State Nickname: Heart of Dixie

State Slogan: Share The Wonder; Stars Fell on Alabama (on its license plate); (formerly) The Heart of Dixie

State Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)

State flower: Camellia

State bird: Yellowhammer aka Northern Flicker

State fish: Largemouth bass (fresh water), Fighting tarpon (salt water)

State tree: Southern Longleaf Pine

State mammal: Racking horse

State foods: Pecan, Blackberry

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Tuesday, December 14, 1819

Number admitted: 22

Prior Name: Alabama Territory

Postal Abbreviation: AL

Alabama State Map


The Geography of Alabama

Total Size: 50,744 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Gulf of Mexico at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Cheaha Mtn. at 2,407 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Cleburne (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Chilton County approx. 12 miles southwest of Clanton (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 67 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Gulf of Mexico, Tennessee River, Alabama River, Chattahoochee River, Coosa River, Weiss Lake, Martin Lake, Lewis Smith Lake, Walter F. George Lake

Famous People

Fun Facts

Professional Sports Teams

Alabama has no major professional sports teams.

Geography >> US States>> Alabama History

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