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Geography >> US States>> Pennsylvania History

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania State Flag

Location of Pennsylvania State


Capital: Harrisburg

Population: 12,763,536 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, Scranton, Bethlehem

Borders: Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $600,897 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including apples, mushrooms, Christmas trees, chickens, and grapes
Electronics equipment, banking, insurance, pharmaceuticals, steel, and food processing

How Pennsylvania got its name: The name Pennsylvania comes from the founder of the English Colony, William Penn. The word sylvania means forest land in Latin.

Atlas of Pennsylvania State
Click on map for larger view

Pennsylvania State Symbols

State Nickname: Keystone State

State Slogan: State of Independence; (formerly) Memories Last a Lifetime, You've Got a Friend in Pennsylvania

State Motto: Virtue, liberty, and independence

State flower: Indian Blanket

State bird: Ruffed Grouse

State fish: Brook trout

State tree: Hemlock

State mammal: White-tailed deer, Great Dane

State foods: Chocolate Chip Cookie

Becoming a State

Date admitted: December 12, 1787

Number admitted: 2

Prior Name: Province of Pennsylvania, then sovereign state in Confederation

Postal Abbreviation: PA

Pennsylvania State Map


The Geography of Pennsylvania

Total Size: 44,817 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Delaware River at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Mt. Davis at 3,213 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Somerset (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Centre County approx. 2 1/2 miles southwest of Bellefonte (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 67 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Lake Erie, Allegheny Reservoir, Raystown Lake, Delaware River, Susquehanna River, Allegheny River, Monongahela River

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Geography >> US States>> Pennsylvania History

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