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Geography >> US States>> Arizona History

Arizona

Arizona State Flag

Location of Arizona State


Capital: Phoenix

Population: 6,553,255 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, Gilbert

Borders: California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Mexico

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $266,891 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Copper mining, cotton, manufacturing, electronics, cattle, and tourism

How Arizona got its name: Historians are not sure exactly where the name for Arizona originated. Most think that it came from a Native American word meaning little spring. Some other names were considered for the territory including Montezuma and Arizuma.

Atlas of Arizona State
Click on map for larger view

Arizona State Symbols

State Nickname: Grand Canyon State

State Slogan: The Grand Canyon State; also on its license plate

State Motto: Ditat Deus (God enriches)

State flower: Saguaro Cactus blossom

State bird: Cactus Wren

State fish: Apache trout

State tree: Palo Verde

State mammal: Ringtail

State foods: Prickly-pear cactus

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Wednesday, February 14, 1912

Number admitted: 48

Prior Name: Arizona Territory

Postal Abbreviation: AZ

Arizona State Map


The Geography of Arizona

Total Size: 113,635 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Colorado River at 70 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Yuma (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Humphreys Peak at 12,633 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Coconino (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in Yavapai County approx. 55 miles east-southeast of Prescott (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 15 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Major bodies of water include the Colorado River, Gila River, Lake Mead, Lake Havasu, and Lake Powell.

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Geography >> US States>> Arizona History

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