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Geography >> US States>> Texas History

Texas

Texas State Flag

Location of Texas State


Capital: Austin

Population: 26,059,203 (Source: 2012 U.S. Census)

Major Cities: Houston, San Antonio, Dallas, Austin, Fort Worth, El Paso

Borders: New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mexico, Gulf of Mexico

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $1,397,369 million (2012 U.S. Department of Commerce)

Key Industries:
Agriculture including cattle, sheep, goats, cotton, grains, and fishing
Oil, natural gas, petroleum products, cement, energy, chemicals, and tourism

How Texas got its name: The name Texas comes from the Caddo Native American word tejas which means friends.

Atlas of Texas State
Click on map for larger view

Texas State Symbols

State Nickname: Lone Star State

State Slogan: It's Like a Whole Other Country (this is used only in domestic advertising)

State Motto: Friendship

State flower: Bluebonnet

State bird: Mockingbird

State fish: Guadalupe bass

State tree: Pecan

State mammal: Armadillo, Texas Longhorn, Mexican free-tailed bat

State foods: Chili, Pecan, Jalapeno, Strudel, Tortilla chips and Salsa

Becoming a State

Date admitted: Monday, December 29, 1845

Number admitted: 28

Prior Name: Republic of Texas

Postal Abbreviation: TX

Texas State Map


The Geography of Texas

Total Size: 261,797 sq. miles (source: 2003 Census)

Geographical Low Point: Gulf of Mexico at Sea Level (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Geographical High Point: Guadalupe Peak at 8,749 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Culberson (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Central Point: Located in McCulloch County approx. 15 miles northeast of Brady (source: U.S. Geological Survey)

Counties: 254 (source: National Association of Counties)

Bodies of Water: Gulf of Mexico, Rio Grande River, Pecos River, Red River, Colorado River, Brazos River, Toledo Bend Reservoir

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Geography >> US States>> Texas History

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