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Timeline and History Overview
Brief Overview of the History of Vietnam
- 2879 - The Hong Bang Dynasty begins when the first Hung King unites the tribes under one rule. The Hong Bang Dynasty will rule for over 2500 years.
- 2500 - Rice cultivation is introduced into the region.
- 1912 - The Middle Hong Bang period begins.
- 1200 - Bronze casting and irrigation is introduced.
- 1054 - The Late Hong Bang period begins.
- 700 - Chinese from the Spring and Autumn Period migrate to Vietnam.
- 500 - The Vietnamese New Year, called Tet, is first celebrated.
- 300 - Buddhism reaches the area.
The Trung Sisters
- 157 - End of the Hong Bang Dynasty. Beginning of the Thuc Dynasty.
- 118 - Confucianism reaches Vietnam.
- 111 - The land is conquered by the Chinese and the Han Dynasty.
Vietnam has a history of tribes uniting to form strong dynasties. The first dynasty that many consider to be the start of the Vietnamese state was the Hong Bang Dynasty which was ruled by the legendary Hung kings.
In 111 BC, the Han Dynasty from China absorbed Vietnam into their empire. Vietnam would remain a part of the Chinese empire for over 1000 years. It was in 938 AD that Ngo Quyen defeated the Chinese and gained independence for Vietnam. Vietnam was then ruled by a succession of dynasties including the Ly, Tran, and the Le dynasty. Under the Le dynasty the kingdom of Vietnam reached its peak, expanding to the south and conquering a portion of the Khmer Empire.
Ho Chi Minh City
In 1858 the French came to Vietnam. In 1893 the French incorporated Vietnam into French Indochina. France continued to rule until it was defeated by communist forces led by Ho Chi Minh in 1954. The country became divided into Communist North Vietnam and the anti-Communist South. The Vietnam War raged for years between the two countries with the US supporting the South and communist countries supporting the north. The North eventually won uniting the country under communist rule in 1975.
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