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History >> Geography >> Asia >> Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Timeline and History Overview

Afghanistan Timeline

BCE CE
Brief Overview of the History of Afghanistan

The area that is today Afghanistan is sometimes called the crossroads of central Asia. It is surrounded by large and powerful nations such as India, Pakistan, and Russia. The land has changed hands over the centuries as new empires have risen up and taken control.

Prior to Alexander the Great entering the area in 328 BC, Afghanistan was under the rule of the Persian Empire. Over the next thousand years, various invaders took over the country while passing through on their way to other areas. These included the Huns, the Turks, the Arabs, and finally the Mongol invasion by Genghis Khan in 1219.


Farmers

Over the next few centuries, the area was ruled by various warlords and chiefs all vying for power until Ahmad Shah Durrani came into power in 1747. He helped to unite the country that is today Afghanistan.

In 1979 the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan. They backed the Karmal Regime. The country was a difficult place to have a war, however, and the rebels were persistent. They harassed and fought the Soviet troops over the next several years, making it tough for the country to have peace. The Soviet Union finally had enough of the fighting in 1989 and withdrew.

When the Soviet Union withdrew there wasn't anybody in charge. The country went into anarchy and became led by various warlords. In the mid-90's the Taliban came into power. They were in power until 2001, when the United States, together with the United Nations, decided to take out the Taliban for training and harboring terrorists. This war is still ongoing as of 2014.

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History >> Geography >> Asia >> Afghanistan





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