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Art History and Artists

Timeline of Western Art

History >> Art History

Note: some of the movement dates are approximate and overlap with each other.

Gothic Art (1150 - 1400)

1305: Giotto paints the interior of the Scrovegni Chapel

Early Renaissance (1400 - 1450)

1482: Botticelli paints his masterpiece La Primavera

High Renaissance (1480 - 1520)

1501 - 1504: Michelangelo creates the statue of David
1503 - 1506: Leonardo da Vinci Paints the Mona Lisa
1508 - 1512: Michelangelo paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
1509 - 1510: Rafael paints the School of Athens

Mannerism (1520 - 1580)

Northern Renaissance (1430 - 1520)

Baroque Art (1600 - 1700)

1600: Caravaggio paints The Calling of Saint Matthew using light and shadow to dramatize the moment

Dutch Golden Age (1620 - 1670)

1642: Rembrandt paints The Night Watch

Rococo Art (1700 - 1775)

Neo-classicism (1750 - 1880)

1793: The Louvre Museum in Paris, France opens for the first time.
1799: Lithography is invented by Austrian printer Alois Senefelder

Romanticism (1765 - 1850)

1814: Francisco Goya paints The Third of May 1808 as a protest to war
1818: Casper David Friedrich paints The Wanderer

Realism (1840 - 1880)

1857: Jean Francois Millet paints The Gleaners showing the backbreaking work of women in the fields

Pre-Rafaelites (1848 - 1854)

Impressionism (1870 - 1900)

1872: Claude Monet paints Impression: Sunrise
1874: Radical young French artists hold their own art exhibition and are dubbed "Impressionists"
1876: Pierre-Auguste Renoir paints Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette

Pointillism (1884 - 1900)

1884: Georges Seurat and Paul Signac begin to develop a style of painting using dots of pure color which would later be called Pointillism
1886: Seurat reveals his masterpiece Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte

Post-Impressionism (1885 - 1910)

1889: Vincent van Gogh paints Starry Night while in an asylum in France.
1889: Auguste Rodin finishes the sculpture The Burghers of Calais
1890: Van Gogh dies from a self-inflicted bullet wound

Fauvism (1904 - 1908)

1905: The term "Fauves" is first used by an art critic to describe the artists exhibiting at the Salon D'Automne art show

Expressionism (1905 - Present)

Cubism (1910 - 1930)

1911: The first organized show of artists from the Cubist art movement is displayed.
1921: Pablo Picasso paints Three Musicians, a classic example of Synthetic Cubism

Abstract Art (1910 - Present)

1910: Kandinsky begins to experiment with paintings that have only shapes and colors.
1947: Jackson Pollock begins to use "drip painting" to create his artworks

Surrealism (1920 - Present)

1924: The Surrealist Manifesto is released.
1931: Salvador Dali paints The Persistence of Memory, perhaps the most famous Surrealist painting

Pop Art (1950 - 1970)

1962: Andy Warhol paints Campbell's Soup Cans

Postmodernist Art (1980 - Present)

2004: Pablo Picasso's painting Garcon a la pipe is sold for $104 million.

Pop Art

Ancient Art
Ancient Chinese Art
Ancient Egyptian Art
Ancient Greek Art
Ancient Roman Art
Native American Art
Salvador Dali
Leonardo da Vinci
Edgar Degas
Wassily Kandinsky
Eduoard Manet
Henri Matisse
Claude Monet
Pablo Picasso
Georges Seurat
J.M.W. Turner
Vincent van Gogh
Andy Warhol

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History >> Art History

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