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Art History and Artists

Abstract Art

History >> Art History

General Overview

The Abstract Art movement took place in the United States. In its purest form, Abstract Art has no subject. It is just lines, shapes, and colors. The Abstract Art movement is called Abstract Expressionism because, although the art has no subject, it is still trying to convey some kind of emotion.

When was the Abstract Art movement?

The Abstract Expressionism movement began in the 1940s in New York City after World War II. However, the first real Abstract Art was painted earlier by some Expressionists, especially Kandinsky in the early 1900s.

What are the characteristics of Abstract Art?

The main characteristic of abstract art is that it has no recognizable subject. Some Abstract Artists had theories on the emotions that were caused by certain colors and shapes. They planned out their seemingly random paintings to the last detail. Other Abstract Artists painted with emotion and randomness hoping to capture their emotion and subconscious thoughts on the canvas.

Examples of Abstract Art

Composition II in Red, Blue, and Yellow (Piet Mondrian)

Mondrian painted with precision and geometric shapes. In this painting he creates a sense of balance using straight black lines, white spaces, and primary colors. He painted many other pictures using the same style. See this picture here.

White Center: Yellow, Pink and Lavender on Rose (Mark Rothko)

Mark Rothko painted a number of paintings that were basically large blocks of color. Like this painting, there was usually a border and the edges of the blocks blurred together. Rothko didn't say what the painting was supposed to mean. He left interpretations up to the viewer. As simple as this painting may look here, it sold for over $72 million in 2007. See this picture here.

No. 5, 1948 (Jackson Pollock)

Jackson Pollock created his own unique style of painting. He would splash and dribble paint onto the canvas straight from the can. This style of art was later called Action Painting. In this painting yellow and brown paint is drizzled to create an interesting nest of colors and textures. The painting sold in 2006 for an amazing $140 million. See this picture here.

Famous Abstract Artists Interesting Facts about Abstract Art
Movements
Medieval
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Ancient Art
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Artists
Salvador Dali
Leonardo da Vinci
Edgar Degas
Wassily Kandinsky
Eduoard Manet
Henri Matisse
Claude Monet
Michelangelo
Pablo Picasso
Raphael
Rembrandt
Georges Seurat
J.M.W. Turner
Vincent van Gogh
Andy Warhol

Art Terms and Timeline
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Western Art Timeline

History >> Art History






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