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Art History and Artists

Romanticism

History >> Art History

General Overview

Romanticism was a cultural movement that started in Europe. It was somewhat of a reaction to the Industrial Revolution which occurred during the same time period. The movement affected philosophical thinking, literature, music, and art.

When was the Romantic style of art popular?

The Romantic Movement started at the end of the 1700's and reached its peak in the early 1800s. It marked the end of the Baroque movement and was followed by Realism.

What are the characteristics of Romantic art?

Romantic art focused on emotions, feelings, and moods of all kinds including spirituality, imagination, mystery, and fervor. The subject matter varied widely including landscapes, religion, revolution, and peaceful beauty. The brushwork for romantic art became looser and less precise. The great Romantic artist Caspar David Friedrich summed up Romanticism saying "the artist's feeling is his law".

Examples of Romanticism

The Wanderer Above the Sea and Fog (Caspar David Friedrich)

Perhaps no painting represents the Romanticism movement better than Friedrich's The Wanderer. In this picture a man stands at the peak of a rocky precipice, his back to the viewer as he looks out over the clouds and the world. The viewer experiences the awe of nature and at the same time feels the insignificance of man. The painting does an excellent job of conveying the emotion of a moment and the drama of nature.

The Wanderer by Friedrich example of Romanticism
The Wanderer Above the Sea and Fog
(Click image to see larger version)

The Third of May 1808 (Francisco Goya)

The Third of May 1808 shows a different side of the Romantic artist, the side of revolution. In this painting Francisco Goya is commemorating the Spanish resistance to France and the armies of Napoleon. This painting has movement, drama, and emotion typical of the Romantic Era. It is also one of the first paintings used to protest the horrors of war.

The Third of May by Goya
The Third of May
(Click image to see larger version)

The Titan's Goblet (Thomas Cole)

In this painting you can see the sense of the fantastic. The Titans were from Greek Mythology. They were giants who ruled before the Greek gods like Zeus. The shear size of the goblet gives you an idea as to how enormous the Titan's must have been. Details in the painting, such as the boats sailing inside the goblet and the buildings on the rim of the goblet, add to the feeling of grandeur.


The Titan's Goblet
(Click image to see larger version)

Famous Romantic Era Artists Interesting Facts about Romanticism
Movements Ancient Art Artists Art Terms and Timeline

Works Cited

History >> Art History

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