History for Kids Geography for kids Science for kids Kids Educational Site and Search Study and Homework for kids Sports Games
advertisement

Kid's Poll



More polls



American Revolution

Valley Forge

Back to American Revolution for kids

George Washington at Valley Forge

Valley Forge was where the American Continental Army made camp during the winter of 1777-1778. It was here that the American forces became a true fighting unit. Valley Forge is often called the birthplace of the American Army.

Where is Valley Forge?

Valley Forge is located in the southeastern corner of Pennsylvania around 25 miles northwest of Philadelphia.

Why did they camp there?

George Washington chose to make the winter camp at Valley Forge for several reasons. First, it was close to Philadelphia where the British were camping for the winter. He could keep an eye on the British and protect the people of Pennsylvania. At the same time it was far enough from the British so that he would have plenty of warning if they decided to attack.

Valley Forge was also a good place to defend if the army was attacked. There were high areas in Mount Joy and Mount Misery to make fortifications. There also was a river, the Schuylkill River, that served as a barrier to the north.

Who were the American leaders?

It was at Valley Forge where the Continental Army turned into a trained fighting force. There were three leaders in particular who played a key role in building the army.

General von Steuben

Were the conditions bad?

The conditions that the soldiers had to endure at Valley Forge were horrible. They had to deal with cold, wet, and snowy weather. They were often hungry, as food was scarce. Many of the soldiers didn't have warm clothing or even shoes as their shoes had worn out on the long march to the valley. There were few blankets as well.

Living in cold, damp, and crowded log cabins made matters even worse because it allowed disease and sickness to spread quickly throughout the camp. Diseases such as typhoid fever, pneumonia, and smallpox took the lives of many soldiers. Of the 10,000 men who began the winter at Valley Forge, around 2,500 died before the spring.

Interesting Facts About the Valley Forge

Take a ten question quiz at the Valley Forge Questions page.



Revolutionary War Events
Timeline of the American Revolution
Stamp Act
Boston Massacre
Boston Tea Party
The Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
The United States Flag
Valley Forge
The Treaty of Paris

Battles
Battles of Lexington and Concord
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
Battle of Bunker Hill
Washington Crossing the Delaware
The Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Yorktown

People
Abigail Adams
John Adams
Samuel Adams
Benedict Arnold
Ben Franklin
Patrick Henry
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Paine
Paul Revere
George Washington

Other
Daily Life
Revolutionary War Soldiers
Revolutionary War Uniforms
Patriots and Loyalists
Glossary and Terms

Back to American Revolution for kids

Back to History






Privacy Policy

Kids Games  History for Kids  Homework Help  Science  Geography for Kids 

About Ducksters  Link to Ducksters  Teachers 

Last updated: This site is a product of TSI (Technological Solutions, Inc.), Copyright 2014, All Rights Reserved. By using this site you agree to the Terms of Use.


To cite this article using MLA style citation: