Search


More polls
New from Ducksters

eBooks!

Read our content on your eReader or mobile device with no ads.

Kids Math

Prime Numbers

Skills needed:
Multiplication
Division
Addition
Whole numbers

A prime number is a whole number, like 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6….. that can be evenly divided by ONLY two numbers: the number 1 and the prime number itself.

Okay, maybe that's a bit hard to understand. Let's take a look at some examples:

The number 5 is a prime number because it cannot be divided evenly by any other numbers except for 5 and 1.

The number 4 is not a prime number because it can be divided evenly by 4, 2, and 1.

Is the number 13 a prime number?

It can't be divided by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8…etc. Only by 1 and 13. Yes, 13 is a prime number.

Is the number 25 a prime number?

It can't be divided by 2, 3, 4……true. Ah, but it can be divided by 5, so it is not a prime number.

Here is a list of the prime numbers between 1 and 100:

2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97

Take a look at a few of them and see if you can figure out any other number that they can be divided by other than the number itself or the number 1. (hint: we promise the answer is "no" and they are, therefore, prime numbers).

Some tricks to prime numbers: Fun Facts about prime numbers
  • Prime numbers are often used in cryptography or security for technology and the internet.
  • The number 1 used to be considered a prime number, but it generally isn't anymore.
  • The largest prime number known has around 13 million digits!
  • The Greek mathematician Euclid studied prime numbers in 300BC.
  • The number 379009 is a prime number. It also looks like the word Google if you type it into a calculator and look at it upside down!
  • Here is a interesting sequence of prime numbers in which all of the digits have circles in them:
  • Advanced Math

    The fundamental theorem of arithmetic says that any number can be expressed by a unique product of prime numbers.



    Advanced Kids Math Subjects

    Multiplication
    Intro to Multiplication
    Long Multiplication
    Multiplication Tips and Tricks

    Division
    Intro to Division
    Long Division
    Division Tips and Tricks

    Fractions
    Intro to Fractions
    Equivalent Fractions
    Simplifying and Reducing Fractions
    Adding and Subtracting Fractions
    Multiplying and Dividing Fractions

    Decimals
    Decimals Place Value
    Adding and Subtracting Decimals
    Multiplying and Dividing Decimals
    Statistics
    Mean, Median, Mode, and Range
    Picture Graphs

    Algebra
    Order of Operations
    Exponents
    Ratios
    Ratios, Fractions, and Percentages

    Geometry
    Polygons
    Quadrilaterals
    Triangles
    Pythagorean Theorem
    Circle
    Perimeter
    Surface Area

    Misc
    Basic Laws of Math
    Prime Numbers
    Roman Numerals
    Binary Numbers


    Back to Kids Math

    Back to Kids Study








    About Ducksters  Link to Ducksters  Teachers Privacy Policy

    Last updated: This site is a product of TSI (Technological Solutions, Inc.), Copyright 2014, All Rights Reserved. By using this site you agree to the Terms of Use.

    To cite this article using MLA style citation: