Glossary and Terms
History for Kids
>> Ancient China
- An ancient Chinese treatment for healing that uses needles placed in various areas of the skin.
- A fast growing grass that grows very tall and with hollow stems like a tube. The Chinese found numerous uses for bamboo including paper, buildings, furniture, and musical instruments.
- One of the three major religions of China, Buddhism originated in India.
- A style of writing that was considered an art form using brushes to paint the characters.
- The group of people who worked for the government. People had to pass a difficult examination to earn a job in the civil service.
- A protective covering made by silkworms before they transform into moths. The fibers from silkworm cocoons are used to make silk.
- A religion or philosophy based on the teaching of Confucius.
- A revered mythical creature that has the long body of a serpent, sharp teeth, four legs with sharp talons, and can fly.
- When the rule of a country is passed down to family members over a long period of time.
- The five elements of ancient Chinese philosophy are wood, fire, earth, water, and metal. They are also called the Wu Xing.
- A giant palace built in the center of Beijing city by the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty.
- A 5500 mile long wall built along the northern border of China. It was built to keep out the Mongol invaders.
- An important invention that was used for fireworks and weapons such as bombs and guns.
- A type of Chinese sailboat that is typically flat bottomed and uses fully battened sails.
- A type of varnish used to protect items and make them more beautiful.
- A government official of high rank in the civil service.
- The nomadic peoples of the north who often raided China. Under Genghis and Kublai Khan they captured much of China for a period of time.
- A legendary monster that terrorized a Chinese village until they used fireworks and noise to scare it off. Their victory over Nian is celebrated on Chinese New Year.
- A religious temple that is built as a tower with many tiers and roofs.
- A type of ceramic invented by the Chinese. It is thin, strong, and beautiful. It is often called "china" in the west.
Qin Shi Huang
- The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang united China under one rule and began the Qin dynasty.
- A small narrow boat with a flat bottom that is usually 10 to 15 feet long.
- A luxurious material made from the cocoons of silkworms. Silk was highly prized in ancient China and was only worn by wealthy nobles.
- A trade route that ran from northern China to Europe.
- One of the three major religions or philosophies of Ancient China, Taoism follows the teachings of Lao-Tzu.
- A type of baked clay ceramic. It was used in building the 8,000 life size terracotta soldiers that were buried with Emperor Qin.
- The Three Perfections were the three most important art forms of Ancient China: painting, poetry, and calligraphy.
- Refers to the three major philosophies of Ancient China: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.
Yin and Yang
- A part of the philosophy of Taoism, the yin and yang are opposites that balance each other throughout nature such as "light and dark", "hot and cold", and "male and female".
- A Chinese explorer during the Ming Dynasty. He established trade with India and Africa.
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