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Science >> Chemistry for Kids >> Periodic Table

Elements for Kids

Nonmetals

The nonmetals are a group of elements in the periodic table. They are located to the right of the metalloids and to the left of the halogens. These elements are often referred to as "other nonmetals" as the halogens and noble gases are also nonmetals. The other nonmetals are some of the most abundant elements in the universe including the Earth's crust, the atmosphere, and the human body.

What elements are nonmetals?

The elements that are generally considered other nonmetals include hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulfur, and selenium. Nitrogen and phosphorus are included in the subgroup pnictogens. Oxygen, sulfur, and selenium are included in the subgroup chalcogens.

What are the similar properties of nonmetals?

Nonmetals share many similar properties including: Order of Abundance

The other nonmetals are some of the most abundant elements in the universe. Hydrogen is the number one most abundant element with oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen being the third, fourth, and seventh most abundant respectively.

Nitrogen and oxygen make up most of the Earth's atmosphere with nitrogen making up 78 percent and oxygen around 21 percent.

The four most abundant elements by mass in the human body are other nonmetals including oxygen (65%), carbon (18%), hydrogen (10%), and nitrogen (3%).

The most abundant of the other nonmetals in the Earth's crust is oxygen which is the single most abundant element in the Earth's crust.

Interesting Facts about Nonmetals

More on the Elements and the Periodic Table

Elements
Periodic Table

Alkali Metals
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium

Alkaline Earth Metals
Beryllium
Magnesium
Calcium
Radium

Transition Metals
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Silver
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Post-transition Metals
Aluminum
Gallium
Tin
Lead

Metalloids
Boron
Silicon
Germanium
Arsenic

Nonmetals
Hydrogen
Carbon
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Halogens
Fluorine
Chlorine
Iodine

Noble Gases
Helium
Neon
Argon

Lanthanides and Actinides
Uranium
Plutonium

More Chemistry Subjects

Matter
Atom
Molecules
Isotopes
Solids, Liquids, Gases
Melting and Boiling
Chemical Bonding
Chemical Reactions
Radioactivity and Radiation
Mixtures and Compounds
Naming Compounds
Mixtures
Separating Mixtures
Solutions
Acids and Bases
Crystals
Metals
Salts and Soaps
Water
Other
Glossary and Terms
Chemistry Lab Equipment
Organic Chemistry
Famous Chemists


Science >> Chemistry for Kids >> Periodic Table

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