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Ancient Greece

Food

History >> Ancient Greece

The Ancient Greeks ate fairly simple foods. Unlike some other ancient cultures, they did not consider extravagant and rich meals a good thing. The three main staple foods of the Greek diet were wheat, oil, and wine.

What meals did they eat?

The Greeks typically ate three meals a day. Breakfast was a light and simple meal that usually consisted of bread or porridge. Lunch was also a light meal where they would again have some bread, but would also have some cheese or figs.

The big meal of the day was dinner, which was eaten around sundown. Dinner would sometimes be a long social event with a variety of foods including vegetables, bread, eggs, fish, and cheese.

Typical Foods

The Greeks ate fairly simple foods. They ate a lot of bread that they would dip in wine or olive oil. They also ate a lot of vegetables such as cucumbers, beans, cabbage, onions, and garlic. Figs, grapes, and apples were common fruits. They used honey to sweeten their foods and make desserts such as honey cakes.

The main meat was fish, but the wealthy would sometimes eat other meat including beef, chicken, lamb, and pork.

Did the family eat together?

The family typically did not eat together as a group. Men and women ate their meals separately, either in different rooms or at different times. Men would often have their male friends over for dinner. They would eat, drink, talk, and play games for hours. This type of dinner party was called a "symposium." The women were not allowed to join.

What did they drink?

The Greeks drank water and wine. Wine would be watered down so it wouldn't be too strong. They sometimes drank a thick gruel called kykeon which included water, barley, and herbs.

The Greeks drank wine from a large shallow cup called a "kylix." Sometimes the kylix had a picture at the bottom that would be revealed as more wine was drunk from the cup.


An Ancient Greek Kylix Cup
Photo by Ducksters

Did they eat any strange foods?

The Greeks ate some foods that might seem strange to us today including eels, small birds, and locusts. Perhaps the strangest thing they ate was a popular food of the Spartans called "black soup." Black soup was made from pig's blood, salt, and vinegar.

Did they use forks and spoons?

The Greeks mostly used their hands to eat. They sometimes used spoons, but would also use bread to soak up broth or soups. They had knives to cut up meat.

Interesting Facts About Food and Cooking in Ancient Greece Activities For more about Ancient Greece:

Overview
Timeline of Ancient Greece
Geography
The City of Athens
Sparta
Minoans and Mycenaeans
Greek City-states
Peloponnesian War
Persian Wars
Decline and Fall
Legacy of Ancient Greece
Glossary and Terms

Arts and Culture
Ancient Greek Art
Drama and Theater
Architecture
Olympic Games
Government of Ancient Greece
Greek Alphabet

Daily Life
Daily Lives of the Ancient Greeks
Typical Greek Town
Food
Clothing
Women in Greece
Science and Technology
Soldiers and War
Slaves

People
Alexander the Great
Archimedes
Aristotle
Pericles
Plato
Socrates
25 Famous Greek People
Greek Philosophers

Greek Mythology
Greek Gods and Mythology
Hercules
Achilles
Monsters of Greek Mythology
The Titans
The Iliad
The Odyssey

The Olympian Gods
Zeus
Hera
Poseidon
Apollo
Artemis
Hermes
Athena
Ares
Aphrodite
Hephaestus
Demeter
Hestia
Dionysus
Hades

Works Cited

History >> Ancient Greece






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