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Fouls and Penalties
In order to allow players to play the game in a fair manner, the referee can call fouls. The penalty from a foul can vary depending on the type and severity of the foul.
- Minor offenses - The opposing team is awarded an indirect free kick.
- More serious offenses - The opposing team is awarded a direct free kick. This will be a penalty kick if it occurs within the penalty box.
- Caution - A yellow card can be given for repeated fouls. A second yellow results in a red and expulsion from the game.
- Expulsion - The player must leave the game and cannot be substituted for.
Types of Fouls
The following actions are not allowed in soccer and will result in a foul call:
- Kicking an opponent
- Jumping into an opponent (like when you are going for a header)
- Charging into an opponent
- Tackling from behind
- Tackling an opponent and you make contact with the player prior to making contact with the ball.
- Touching the ball with your hands (if you are not the goalkeeper)
Caution (Yellow Card)
The referee can choose to give a caution or yellow card to a player for the following actions:
- Unsportsmanlike behavior (note that this includes trying to trick the referee)
- Arguing with the referee
- Fouling a lot
- Delaying the game
- Entering or leaving the game without informing the referee
When the referee shows a red card, this means the player has been kicked out of the game. A red card can be given for the following actions:
- A serious foul
- Violent actions against the referee or other players
- Using their hands to stop a goal (when not the goalkeeper)
- Using bad language
- Receiving a second caution
There are also special rules and fouls regarding the goalkeeper. The goalkeeper can be called for a foul for the following actions:
- Holding the ball for more than 6 seconds
- Touching the ball again with his hands after a teammate has kicked the ball to him
- Touching the ball with his hands directly after a throw-in by a teammate
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