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Biomes

Temperate Forest

Temperate Forest biome

All forests have lots of trees, but there are different types of forests. They are often described as different biomes. One of the main differences is where they are located in relation to the equator and the poles. There are three main types of forest biomes: the rainforest, the temperate forest, and the Taiga. Rainforests are located in the tropics, near the equator. Taiga forests are located far north. Temperate rainforests are located in between.

What makes a forest a temperate forest? Where are the temperate forests located?

They are located in several locations around the world, around halfway between the equator and the poles.

Types of Temperate Forests

There are actually many types of temperate forests. Here are the main ones: Major Temperate Forests of the World

There are major temperate forests located around the world including:
Map of temperate forest biome
Plants of the Temperate Forests

The plants of the forests grow in different layers. The top layer is called the canopy and is made up of full grown trees. These trees form an umbrella throughout most of the year providing shade for the layers below. The middle layer is called the understory. The understory is made up of smaller trees, saplings, and shrubs. The lowest layer is the forest floor which is made up of wildflowers, herbs, ferns, mushrooms, and mosses.

The plants that grow here have some things in common.

Animals of the Temperate Forests

There are a wide variety of animals that live here including black bears, mountain lions, deer, fox, squirrels, skunks, rabbits, porcupines, timber wolves, and a number of birds. Some animals are predators like mountain lions and hawks. Many animals survive off of nuts from the many trees like squirrels and turkeys.

Each species of animal has adapted to survive the winter. Facts About the Temperate Forest Biome Activities

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