The North Pole
We all know that Santa Claus lives at the North Pole. But just where is the North Pole? We know it's north. Is there a giant pole there? Lets take a look at the place where Santa makes his home.
Is it ice or land?
Where is the North Pole?
So where exactly is the North Pole? Well, the Earth rotates or spins around an axis. If you were to draw a line at the axis through the center of the Earth, that line would exit the Earth in two places. At the bottom of the Earth, it would exit at the South Pole and at the top would be the North Pole. The North Pole is the northernmost place on Earth.
There is no land at the North Pole, but it is covered in a thick layer of ice around 6 to 9 feet thick. So you can stand there and Santa can have his home there.
How cold is it there?
In the winter, temperatures average around minus 29 degrees F (-34 deg C). In the summer it is quite a bit warmer at plus 32 degrees F (0 deg C). This may sound pretty cold, but is actually quite a bit warmer than the average temperatures in the South Pole.
Who discovered the North Pole?
There is actually a lot of controversy around who was the first explorer to visit the North Pole. Robert Peary claimed to have reached the pole in 1909, however, he didn't have very good proof and many people have argued that he didn't make it. The first fully verified visit to the North Pole was by explorer Roald Amundsen
and Umberto Nobile who flew over the pole in an airship named the Norge in 1926.
What country is it in?
The Earth rotates around an axis
The North Pole is not in any country. It is considered part of international waters.
Fun Facts about the North Pole
- When you are standing on the North Pole, any direction you point is South!
- All the lines of longitude meet at the North Pole.
- The nearest land is around 700 miles away.
- During the summer the sun is always up. The sun rises in March and sets in September. That's a really long day and night!
- The magnetic North Pole is different from the true North Pole.
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