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History >> Geography >> South America >> Argentina

Argentina

Timeline and History Overview

Argentina Timeline

BCE CE
Brief Overview of the History of Argentina

Argentina was originally settled by many different tribes of people. The first major empire arrived when Inca Empire invaded in 1480. Some of present day Argentina became part of the Incan Empire and some resisted.

In 1516, the Spanish arrived in the person of explorer and navigator Juan Diaz de Solias. Spain would later establish the first colony in Buenos Aires. As Buenos Aires grew in importance as a port city, the Spanish continued to integrate it into their empire. In 1776, they formed the Royalty of Rio de la Plata. It wasn't long, though, before Argentina wanted its independence. Led by Jose de San Martin, they declared their independence on July 9, 1816.

Although they defeated the Spanish, there was still civil war in Argentina for many years. They finally established a constitution in 1853 and a formal national government in 1861. In the early 1900s, Argentina flourished, becoming one of the world's wealthiest nations. Later, however, there would be unrest as the lower class workers felt they were being unfairly treated and did not have a say in the government. Juan Domingo Peron came into power creating a populist movement called Peronism. In 1946 Peron was elected president. His famous wife Eva Peron was very involved in his rise to power and also helped women to get the right to vote in the country.

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History >> Geography >> South America >> Argentina





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