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Thutmose III

Biography >> Ancient Egypt


Thutmose III is known as one of the greatest pharaohs in the history of Ancient Egypt. During his rule of 54 years, he defeated many of Egypt's enemies and greatly expanded the extent of the Egyptian Empire.

Thutmose III Statue
From the Luxor Museum
Growing Up

Thutmose III was born a prince of the Egyptian Empire. His father, Thutmose II, was pharaoh of Egypt. His mother, Iset, was a secondary wife of the pharaoh. Thutmose III grew up learning about the responsibilities and roles of the pharaoh.

When Thutmose III was still a young child, probably two or three years old, his father died. Thutmose was officially crowned the new pharaoh, but his aunt, Queen Hatshepsut, served as his regent. Eventually, Hatshepsut became very powerful and took the title of pharaoh for herself.

Queen Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut was a strong pharaoh and a good leader. Egypt prospered under her rule. Meanwhile, when Thutmose III grew older he took up a leadership role in the army. While in the army, he learned about warfare and how to be a good commander. This experience would serve him well later in life.

Becoming Pharaoh

After 22 years of rule, Hatshepsut died and Thutmose III took on the role and power of pharaoh. He was the sixth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Thutmose had waited in the wings for many years, now his time had come. Many of Egypt's rivals were ready to test the new pharaoh in battle. Thutmose was ready.

A Great General

Not long after becoming pharaoh, several kings from the east rebelled against Egypt. Thutmose III quickly marched his army to meet the rebels. He personally led a surprise attack through a narrow mountain pass to defeat the enemy at the Battle of Megiddo. He soundly defeated the rebels and brought them back under Egypt's control.

Thutmose III continued to launch military campaigns throughout his reign. Over the course of at least seventeen military campaigns, Thutmose conquered hundreds of cities and expanded Egypt's borders to include Nubia, Canaan, and southern Syria. He was both a military genius and brave warrior. He often fought on the front lines, leading his army into battle.


Like many great pharaohs of the New Kingdom period, Thutmose III was a prolific builder. Egyptian writings record that he had over fifty temples built throughout Egypt. He made many additions to the Temple of Karnak at Thebes including new pylons and several towering obelisks.


Thutmose III died around the year 1425 BC. He was buried in an elaborate tomb in the Valley of the Kings.

Interesting Facts About Thutmose III Activities

More information on the civilization of Ancient Egypt:

Timeline of Ancient Egypt
Old Kingdom
Middle Kingdom
New Kingdom
Late Period
Greek and Roman Rule

Monuments and Geography
Geography and the Nile River
Cities of Ancient Egypt
Valley of the Kings
Egyptian Pyramids
Great Pyramid at Giza
The Great Sphinx
King Tut's Tomb
Famous Temples
Egyptian Food, Jobs, Daily Life
Ancient Egyptian Art
Entertainment and Games
Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
Temples and Priests
Egyptian Mummies
Book of the Dead
Ancient Egyptian Government
Women's Roles
Hieroglyphics Examples
Amenhotep III
Cleopatra VII
Ramses II
Thutmose III

Inventions and Technology
Boats and Transportation
Egyptian Army and Soldiers
Glossary and Terms

Works Cited

Biography >> Ancient Egypt

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