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Dachshund Dog

Dachshund Puppy
Author: Bill Kuffrey, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

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The Dachshund is a small dog with a long body and short legs. It is a very popular dog breed in the United States and has a great lively and friendly personality. Because of their long body they are often called wiener dogs or hot dogs.

Group of dachshund dogs
Different types of Dachshunds
Author: Bodama at Wikipedia, PD
What were they originally bred for?

Dachshunds were originally bred in Germany to hunt badgers in their burrows. The name Dachshund actually means badger dog in German. In the 1600s the Germans bred the dog to be fearless and have a good sense of smell. This enabled it to dig into badger burrows and fight them or flush them out.

How big do they get?

There are two official sizes of Dachshunds; standard and miniature. The standard dachshund could weigh anywhere from 16 to 30 pounds while the miniature typically weighs less than 11 pounds.

Different Dachshund Coats

Dachshunds have three different coat varieties: 1) smooth has a smooth and shiny coat 2) wirehaired has a short rough outer coat with a beard and eyebrows 3) longhaired has a sleek coat of longer hair. Their coats come in all sorts of colors and patterns.


Dachshunds are lively and courageous despite their small size. They can be stubborn to train. They like to chase small animals, birds, balls or just about anything that moves. They can be loyal to their owners and standoffish to people they don't know. They have a fairly loud bark and can make a good watchdog.


This breed does have a health problem with its long back. Because its spinal cord is so long, it can develop back problems. As a result owners need to handle the dog carefully and be mindful of its back. This is one reason why they are not the best choice of pets for children. Also, obesity can make back problems worse, so pet owners need to watch their diet.

Drawing of Dachshunds
Author: Gustav Mutzel
Fun Facts about Dachshunds

For more about Dogs:

Border Collie
German Shepherd
Golden Retriever
Labrador Retrievers
Police Dogs
Yorkshire Terrier

Check our list of kids movies about dogs.

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