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Colonial America


1492 - Christopher Columbus makes his first voyage to the Americas.

1585 - The Roanoke Colony is founded. It will disappear and become known as the "Lost Colony."

1607 - The Jamestown Settlement is established.

1609 - Only 60 out of 500 settlers in Jamestown survive the winter of 1609-1610. It is called the "Starving Time."

1609 - Henry Hudson explores the northeast coast and the Hudson River.

1614 - Jamestown settler John Rolfe marries Pocahontas, the daughter of the Powhatan Indian chief.

1614 - The Dutch colony of New Netherland is established.

1619 - The first African slaves arrive in Jamestown. The first representative government, the Virginia House of Burgesses, meets at Jamestown.

1620 - Plymouth Colony is founded by the Pilgrims.

1626 - The Dutch purchase Manhattan Island from the local Native Americans.

1629 - A royal charter is issued for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1630 - Puritans found the city of Boston.

1632 - Lord Calvert, the first Baron of Baltimore, is granted a charter for the Colony of Maryland.

1636 - Roger Williams begins the colony of Providence Plantation after being expelled from Massachusetts.

1636 - Thomas Hooker moves to Connecticut and establishes what will become the Connecticut Colony.

1637 - The Pequot War occurs in New England. The Pequot peoples are nearly wiped out.

1638 - New Sweden is founded along the Delaware River.

1639 - The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut describe the government of Connecticut. It is considered the first written Constitution of the Americas.

1655 - The Dutch take control of New Sweden.

1656 - The Quakers arrive in New England.

1663 - The Province of Carolina is created.

1664 - England captures the New Netherlands and names it the Province of New York. The city of New Amsterdam is renamed New York.

1670 - The city of Charlestown, South Carolina is founded.

1675 - King Philip's War begins between the colonists in New England and a group of Native American tribes including the Wampanoag people.

1676 - Bacon's Rebellion occurs. Settlers led by Nathanial Bacon rebel against Virginia Governor William Berkeley.

1681 - William Penn is granted the charter for the Province of Pennsylvania.

1682 - The city of Philadelphia is founded.

1690 - Spain begins to colonize the land of Texas.

1692 - The Salem witch trials begin in Massachusetts. Twenty people are executed for witchcraft.

1699 - The capital of Virginia moves from Jamestown to Williamsburg.

1701 - Delaware separates from Pennsylvania becoming a new colony.

1702 - The Colony of New Jersey is formed by the merging of East and West Jersey.

1702 - Queen Anne's War begins.

1712 - The Province of Carolina separates into North Carolina and South Carolina.

1718 - The city of New Orleans is founded by the French.

1732 - The Province of Georgia is formed by James Oglethorpe.

1733 - The first settlers arrive in Georgia.

1746 - The College of New Jersey is founded. It will later become Princeton University.

1752 - The Liberty Bell is cracked when it is first rung in testing. It was fixed by 1753.

1754 - The French and Indian War begins between the British colonists and the French. Both sides ally with various Indian tribes.

1763 - The British win the French and Indian War and gain a significant amount of territory in North America including Florida.

1765 - The British government passes the Stamp Act taxing the colonies. The Quartering Act is also passed allowing British troops to be housed in private homes.

1770 - The Boston Massacre occurs.

1773 - Bostonian colonists protest the Tea Act with the Boston Tea Party.

1774 - The First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1775 - The Revolutionary War begins.

To learn more about Colonial America:

Colonies and Places
Lost Colony of Roanoke
Jamestown Settlement
Plymouth Colony and the Pilgrims
The Thirteen Colonies

Daily Life
Clothing - Men's
Clothing - Women's
Daily Life in the City
Daily Life on the Farm
Food and Cooking
Homes and Dwellings
Jobs and Occupations
Places in a Colonial Town
Women's Roles
William Bradford
Henry Hudson
James Oglethorpe
William Penn
John Smith
Roger Williams

French and Indian War
King Philip's War
Mayflower Voyage
Salem Witch Trials

Timeline of Colonial America
Glossary and Terms of Colonial America

Works Cited

History >> Colonial America

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