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Golf is played over a series of holes called a golf course. Most golf courses are made up of 18 holes, but some have 9 holes. Each golf course is unique in size, shape, length, hazards, and terrain and each hole on a given golf course is unique.
A golf hole has the following major components:
Tee Area: This is where play begins. The golf ball may be placed on a tee for the first shot of the hole.
Fairway: The main area between the tee and the green. The grass is cut shorter on the fairway to allow for easier shots. Golfers try to keep the ball in the bounds of the fairway when they are between the tee and the green.
Green: This is the area where the hole is located. The grass on the green is cut short and greens are very smooth to allow the ball to roll when putted.
Hole: The hole is a cup that is inserted into the ground. There is a flag that sticks out of the hole to allow golfers to see it from a distance.
Hazards: Many holes are made more difficult with hazards like ponds and sand traps. These are to be avoided by the savvy golfer.
Playing a hole of golf
Golf starts at the tee area. A player may place the ball on a golf tee in order to get a better shot. The golf ball must be placed between and even with or behind the tee markers. This first shot is called a drive. On a par 3 hole the goal is to place the golf ball on the green with the tee shot. On longer holes the goal is to hit a drive as far as you can, but keeping the ball on the fairway.
The next series of shots are to advance the golf ball close to or on the green. When the ball gets close to the green the golfer will try to pitch the ball such that it hits the green area and comes to a stop near the hole.