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Geography >> Asia >> Pakistan History and Timeline


Capital: Islamabad

Population: 216,565,318

The Geography of Pakistan

Borders: India, Afghanistan, Iran, China, maritime (water) border with Oman, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman

Country of Pakistan Map
Total Size: 803,940 square km

Size Comparison: slightly less than twice the size of California

Geographical Coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E

World Region or Continent: Asia

General Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

Geographical Low Point: Indian Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Major Cities: Karachi 13.125 million; Lahore 7.132 million; Faisalabad 2.849 million; Rawalpindi 2.026 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 832,000 (2009)

Major Landforms: Indus River Valley, Hindu Kush Mountains, Karakoram Mountains, Pamir Mountains, K2, Balochistan Plateau, Thar Desert, Cholistan Desert

Major Bodies of Water: Indus River, Jhelum River, Ravi River, Kabul River, Manchar Lake, Keenjhar Lake, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea

Famous Places: Jinnah Mausoleum, Minaret of Pakistan, Badshahi Mosque, Lahore Fort, Rani Kot Fort, Hingol National Park, Pir Shohawa, Concordia, K2 Mountain, Trango Towers, Port Grand, Tomb of Jahangir, Mohenjo-daro

Economy of Pakistan

Major Industries: textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp

Agricultural Products: cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs

Natural Resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Major Exports: textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs

Major Imports: petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea

Currency: Pakistani rupee (PKR)

Pakistan Provinces
(click for larger view)
National GDP: $488,400,000,000

Government of Pakistan

Type of Government: federal republic

Independence: 14 August 1947 (from UK)

Divisions: The country of Pakistan is divided up into the four main provinces of Balochistan, Sindh, Punjab, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Other regions include the capital city area of Islamabad, Tribal Areas, and disputed areas (with India) in Kashmir.

National Anthem or Song: Qaumi Tarana (National Anthem)

National Symbols:
Country of Pakistan Flag
Description of flag: The flag of Pakistan was adopted on August 11, 1947. It has a dark green background (field) with a white stripe on the left (hoist side). Inside the green field is a white star and a white crescent. The flag is often called the "Flag of the Crescent and Star." The crescent represent progress and the star light. The color green represents the religion of Islam.

National Holiday: Republic Day, 23 March (1956)

Other Holidays: Kashmir Solidarity Day (February 5), Pakistan Day (March 23), Labor Day (May 1), Independence Day (August 14), Iqbal Day (November 9), Birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah (December 25), Eid ul-Adha, Eid ul-Fitr, Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad, Ashura

The People of Pakistan

Languages Spoken: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%

Nationality: Pakistani(s)

Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%

Origin of the name Pakistan: The name "Pakistan" was originally coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali. He suggested the name and that the letters each stood for a different region:

P - Punjab
A - Afghania
K - Kashmir
S - Sindh
TAN - Balochistan

The name also means "Land of the Pure" in the Persian and Urdu languages.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Famous People:

Geography >> Asia >> Pakistan History and Timeline

** Source for population (2019 est.) is United Nations. GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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