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Geography >> Southeast Asia >> Vietnam History and Timeline


Capital: Hanoi

Population: 96,462,106

The Geography of Vietnam

Borders: China, Laos, Cambodia, South China Sea

Total Size: 329,560 square km

Size Comparison: slightly larger than New Mexico

Country of Vietnam Map
Geographical Coordinates: 16 00 N, 106 00 E

World Region or Continent: Southeast Asia

General Terrain: low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

Geographical Low Point: South China Sea 0 m

Geographical High Point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m

Climate: tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)

Major Cities: Ho Chi Minh City 5.976 million; HANOI (capital) 2.668 million; Haiphong 1.941 million; Da Nang 807,000 (2009)

Major Landforms: Annamite Mountain Range, Mekong Delta, Red River Delta, Central Highlands, Fansipan, Coastal lowlands

Major Bodies of Water: Red River, Mekong River, Perfume River, Ba Be Lake, Dinh Binh Lake, Nui Coc Lake, West Lake, Ha Long Bay, Gulf of Tonking, Gulf of Thailand, South China Sea

Famous Places: Ha Long Bay, Cu Chi Tunnels, Sa Pa Terraces, Phu Quoc Island, Hoan Kiem Lake, Thien Mu Pagoda, Nha Trang, My Son Sanctuary, Po Nagar, National Museum of Vietnamese History, Hoi An Ancient Town, Sand Dunes of Mui Ne, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park

Economy of Vietnam

Major Industries: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper

Agricultural Products: paddy rice, coffee, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood

Natural Resources: phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

Major Exports: crude oil, marine products, rice, coffee, rubber, tea, garments, shoes

Major Imports: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer, steel products, raw cotton, grain, cement, motorcycles

Currency: dong (VND)

Provinces of Vietnam
(click for larger view)
National GDP: $300,000,000,000

Government of Vietnam

Type of Government: Communist state

Independence: 2 September 1945 (from France)

Divisions: Vietnam is divided into 58 provinces and five municipalities. The largest of the provinces by population are Ho Chi Minh (city), Hanoi (city), and Thanh Hoa. The largest by area are Nghe An, Gia Lai, and Son La. You can see the names and locations for the rest of the provinces on the map.

National Anthem or Song: Tien quan ca (The Song of the Marching Troops)

National Symbols:
Country of Vietnam Flag
Description of flag: The flag of Vietnam was adopted on September 5, 1945. Its name in Vietnamese translates to "Red flag with a gold star." As the name describes, the flag has a red background (field) with a large five-pointed gold star in the center.

National Holiday: Independence Day, 2 September (1945)

Other Holidays: New Year (January 1), Tet (Vietnamese New Year), Hung Kings, Liberation Day (April 30), International Workers' Day (May 1), National Vietnam Day (September 2), Ho Chi Minh's Birthday (May 19), August Revolution, National Defense Day

The People of Vietnam

Languages Spoken: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Nationality: Vietnamese (singular and plural)

Religions: Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)

Origin of the name Vietnam: The word "Viet" once referred to a group of peoples that lived in Vietnam a long time ago. Later, the term "Nam Viet" was used to describe the people living in southern Vietnam. Around the 16th century the word "Vietnam" began to be used to describe the region.

Ho Chi Minh
Famous People:

Geography >> Southeast Asia >> Vietnam History and Timeline

** Source for population (2019 est.) is United Nations. GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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