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Country of Zambia Flag

Capital: Lusaka

Population: 17,861,030

Brief History of Zambia:

Zambia was originally inhabited by hunter-gatherer tribes thousands of years ago. In the 15th century Bantu speaking tribes people migrated into the area.

It wasn't until the middle of the 1800s that Europeans began to explore the area. David Livingstone visited in 1855 and found the waterfalls on the Zambezi River. He named them Victoria Falls.

In 1924 Zambia, which was called Northern Rhodesia at the time, came under British control. In 1953, it was combined with Southern Rhodesia and Malawi to form the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Finally, in 1964, Zambia became an independent country.

Country of Zambia Map

The Geography of Zambia

Total Size: 752,614 square km

Size Comparison: slightly larger than Texas

Geographical Coordinates: 15 00 S, 30 00 E

World Region or Continent: Africa

General Terrain: mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

Geographical Low Point: Zambezi river 329 m

Geographical High Point: unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m

Climate: tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

Major cities: LUSAKA (capital) 1.413 million (2009)

The People of Zambia

Type of Government: republic

Languages Spoken: English (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages

Independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 24 October (1964)

Nationality: Zambian(s)

Religions: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%

National Symbol: African fish eagle

National Anthem or Song: Lumbanyeni Zambia (Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free)

Economy of Zambia

Major Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture

Agricultural Products: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides

Natural Resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower

Major Exports: copper/cobalt 64%, cobalt, electricity; tobacco, flowers, cotton

Major Imports: machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing

Currency: Zambian kwacha (ZMK)

National GDP: $21,880,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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