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Country of Tuvalu Flag

Capital: Funafuti

Population: 11,646

Brief History of Tuvalu:

Tuvalu is an island nation in the South Pacific. The islands were settled by Polynesians many thousands of years ago. There was very little contact with Europeans until the 19th century. In the 20th century the area became part of a British colony.

During World War II, troops from the United States were located on the islands. The US built several airbases on different islands. Tuvalu became an independent nation in 1978 and still has good relations with the USA.

Country of Tuvalu Map

The Geography of Tuvalu

Total Size: 26 square km

Size Comparison: 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

Geographical Coordinates: 8 00 S, 178 00 E

World Region or Continent: Oceania

General Terrain: very low-lying and narrow coral atolls

Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

Geographical High Point: unnamed location 5 m

Climate: tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)

Major cities:

The People of Tuvalu

Type of Government: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy

Languages Spoken: Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)

Independence: 1 October 1978 (from UK)

National Holiday: Independence Day, 1 October (1978)

Nationality: Tuvaluan(s)

Religions: Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%

National Symbol:

National Anthem or Song: Tuvalu mo te Atua (Tuvalu for the Almighty)

Economy of Tuvalu

Major Industries: fishing, tourism, copra

Agricultural Products: coconuts; fish

Natural Resources: fish

Major Exports: copra, fish

Major Imports: food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods

Currency: Australian dollar (AUD); note - there is also a Tuvaluan dollar

National GDP: $36,000,000

** Source for population (2012 est.) and GDP (2011 est.) is CIA World Factbook.

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